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// Copyright 2009 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
// DragonFly BSD system calls.
// This file is compiled as ordinary Go code,
// but it is also input to mksyscall,
// which parses the //sys lines and generates system call stubs.
// Note that sometimes we use a lowercase //sys name and wrap
// it in our own nicer implementation, either here or in
// syscall_bsd.go or syscall_unix.go.
package unix
import (
// See version list in
var (
osreldateOnce sync.Once
osreldate uint32
// First __DragonFly_version after September 2019 ABI changes
const _dragonflyABIChangeVersion = 500705
func supportsABI(ver uint32) bool {
osreldateOnce.Do(func() { osreldate, _ = SysctlUint32("kern.osreldate") })
return osreldate >= ver
// SockaddrDatalink implements the Sockaddr interface for AF_LINK type sockets.
type SockaddrDatalink struct {
Len uint8
Family uint8
Index uint16
Type uint8
Nlen uint8
Alen uint8
Slen uint8
Data [12]int8
Rcf uint16
Route [16]uint16
raw RawSockaddrDatalink
func anyToSockaddrGOOS(fd int, rsa *RawSockaddrAny) (Sockaddr, error) {
return nil, EAFNOSUPPORT
// Translate "kern.hostname" to []_C_int{0,1,2,3}.
func nametomib(name string) (mib []_C_int, err error) {
const siz = unsafe.Sizeof(mib[0])
// NOTE(rsc): It seems strange to set the buffer to have
// size CTL_MAXNAME+2 but use only CTL_MAXNAME
// as the size. I don't know why the +2 is here, but the
// kernel uses +2 for its own implementation of this function.
// I am scared that if we don't include the +2 here, the kernel
// will silently write 2 words farther than we specify
// and we'll get memory corruption.
var buf [CTL_MAXNAME + 2]_C_int
n := uintptr(CTL_MAXNAME) * siz
p := (*byte)(unsafe.Pointer(&buf[0]))
bytes, err := ByteSliceFromString(name)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
// Magic sysctl: "setting" 0.3 to a string name
// lets you read back the array of integers form.
if err = sysctl([]_C_int{0, 3}, p, &n, &bytes[0], uintptr(len(name))); err != nil {
return nil, err
return buf[0 : n/siz], nil
func direntIno(buf []byte) (uint64, bool) {
return readInt(buf, unsafe.Offsetof(Dirent{}.Fileno), unsafe.Sizeof(Dirent{}.Fileno))
func direntReclen(buf []byte) (uint64, bool) {
namlen, ok := direntNamlen(buf)
if !ok {
return 0, false
return (16 + namlen + 1 + 7) &^ 7, true
func direntNamlen(buf []byte) (uint64, bool) {
return readInt(buf, unsafe.Offsetof(Dirent{}.Namlen), unsafe.Sizeof(Dirent{}.Namlen))
//sysnb pipe() (r int, w int, err error)
func Pipe(p []int) (err error) {
if len(p) != 2 {
return EINVAL
r, w, err := pipe()
if err == nil {
p[0], p[1] = r, w
//sysnb pipe2(p *[2]_C_int, flags int) (r int, w int, err error)
func Pipe2(p []int, flags int) (err error) {
if len(p) != 2 {
return EINVAL
var pp [2]_C_int
// pipe2 on dragonfly takes an fds array as an argument, but still
// returns the file descriptors.
r, w, err := pipe2(&pp, flags)
if err == nil {
p[0], p[1] = r, w
return err
//sys extpread(fd int, p []byte, flags int, offset int64) (n int, err error)
func pread(fd int, p []byte, offset int64) (n int, err error) {
return extpread(fd, p, 0, offset)
//sys extpwrite(fd int, p []byte, flags int, offset int64) (n int, err error)
func pwrite(fd int, p []byte, offset int64) (n int, err error) {
return extpwrite(fd, p, 0, offset)
func Accept4(fd, flags int) (nfd int, sa Sockaddr, err error) {
var rsa RawSockaddrAny
var len _Socklen = SizeofSockaddrAny
nfd, err = accept4(fd, &rsa, &len, flags)
if err != nil {
if len > SizeofSockaddrAny {
panic("RawSockaddrAny too small")
sa, err = anyToSockaddr(fd, &rsa)
if err != nil {
nfd = 0
//sys Getcwd(buf []byte) (n int, err error) = SYS___GETCWD
func Getfsstat(buf []Statfs_t, flags int) (n int, err error) {
var _p0 unsafe.Pointer
var bufsize uintptr
if len(buf) > 0 {
_p0 = unsafe.Pointer(&buf[0])
bufsize = unsafe.Sizeof(Statfs_t{}) * uintptr(len(buf))
r0, _, e1 := Syscall(SYS_GETFSSTAT, uintptr(_p0), bufsize, uintptr(flags))
n = int(r0)
if e1 != 0 {
err = e1
//sys ioctl(fd int, req uint, arg uintptr) (err error)
//sys ioctlPtr(fd int, req uint, arg unsafe.Pointer) (err error) = SYS_IOCTL
//sys sysctl(mib []_C_int, old *byte, oldlen *uintptr, new *byte, newlen uintptr) (err error) = SYS___SYSCTL
func sysctlUname(mib []_C_int, old *byte, oldlen *uintptr) error {
err := sysctl(mib, old, oldlen, nil, 0)
if err != nil {
// Utsname members on Dragonfly are only 32 bytes and
// the syscall returns ENOMEM in case the actual value
// is longer.
if err == ENOMEM {
err = nil
return err
func Uname(uname *Utsname) error {
mib := []_C_int{CTL_KERN, KERN_OSTYPE}
n := unsafe.Sizeof(uname.Sysname)
if err := sysctlUname(mib, &uname.Sysname[0], &n); err != nil {
return err
uname.Sysname[unsafe.Sizeof(uname.Sysname)-1] = 0
n = unsafe.Sizeof(uname.Nodename)
if err := sysctlUname(mib, &uname.Nodename[0], &n); err != nil {
return err
uname.Nodename[unsafe.Sizeof(uname.Nodename)-1] = 0
n = unsafe.Sizeof(uname.Release)
if err := sysctlUname(mib, &uname.Release[0], &n); err != nil {
return err
uname.Release[unsafe.Sizeof(uname.Release)-1] = 0
mib = []_C_int{CTL_KERN, KERN_VERSION}
n = unsafe.Sizeof(uname.Version)
if err := sysctlUname(mib, &uname.Version[0], &n); err != nil {
return err
// The version might have newlines or tabs in it, convert them to
// spaces.
for i, b := range uname.Version {
if b == '\n' || b == '\t' {
if i == len(uname.Version)-1 {
uname.Version[i] = 0
} else {
uname.Version[i] = ' '
mib = []_C_int{CTL_HW, HW_MACHINE}
n = unsafe.Sizeof(uname.Machine)
if err := sysctlUname(mib, &uname.Machine[0], &n); err != nil {
return err
uname.Machine[unsafe.Sizeof(uname.Machine)-1] = 0
return nil
func Sendfile(outfd int, infd int, offset *int64, count int) (written int, err error) {
if raceenabled {
return sendfile(outfd, infd, offset, count)
* Exposed directly
//sys Access(path string, mode uint32) (err error)
//sys Adjtime(delta *Timeval, olddelta *Timeval) (err error)
//sys Chdir(path string) (err error)
//sys Chflags(path string, flags int) (err error)
//sys Chmod(path string, mode uint32) (err error)
//sys Chown(path string, uid int, gid int) (err error)
//sys Chroot(path string) (err error)
//sys ClockGettime(clockid int32, time *Timespec) (err error)
//sys Close(fd int) (err error)
//sys Dup(fd int) (nfd int, err error)
//sys Dup2(from int, to int) (err error)
//sys Exit(code int)
//sys Faccessat(dirfd int, path string, mode uint32, flags int) (err error)
//sys Fchdir(fd int) (err error)
//sys Fchflags(fd int, flags int) (err error)
//sys Fchmod(fd int, mode uint32) (err error)
//sys Fchmodat(dirfd int, path string, mode uint32, flags int) (err error)
//sys Fchown(fd int, uid int, gid int) (err error)
//sys Fchownat(dirfd int, path string, uid int, gid int, flags int) (err error)
//sys Flock(fd int, how int) (err error)
//sys Fpathconf(fd int, name int) (val int, err error)
//sys Fstat(fd int, stat *Stat_t) (err error)
//sys Fstatat(fd int, path string, stat *Stat_t, flags int) (err error)
//sys Fstatfs(fd int, stat *Statfs_t) (err error)
//sys Fsync(fd int) (err error)
//sys Ftruncate(fd int, length int64) (err error)
//sys Getdents(fd int, buf []byte) (n int, err error)
//sys Getdirentries(fd int, buf []byte, basep *uintptr) (n int, err error)
//sys Getdtablesize() (size int)
//sysnb Getegid() (egid int)
//sysnb Geteuid() (uid int)
//sysnb Getgid() (gid int)
//sysnb Getpgid(pid int) (pgid int, err error)
//sysnb Getpgrp() (pgrp int)
//sysnb Getpid() (pid int)
//sysnb Getppid() (ppid int)
//sys Getpriority(which int, who int) (prio int, err error)
//sysnb Getrlimit(which int, lim *Rlimit) (err error)
//sysnb Getrusage(who int, rusage *Rusage) (err error)
//sysnb Getsid(pid int) (sid int, err error)
//sysnb Gettimeofday(tv *Timeval) (err error)
//sysnb Getuid() (uid int)
//sys Issetugid() (tainted bool)
//sys Kill(pid int, signum syscall.Signal) (err error)
//sys Kqueue() (fd int, err error)
//sys Lchown(path string, uid int, gid int) (err error)
//sys Link(path string, link string) (err error)
//sys Linkat(pathfd int, path string, linkfd int, link string, flags int) (err error)
//sys Listen(s int, backlog int) (err error)
//sys Lstat(path string, stat *Stat_t) (err error)
//sys Mkdir(path string, mode uint32) (err error)
//sys Mkdirat(dirfd int, path string, mode uint32) (err error)
//sys Mkfifo(path string, mode uint32) (err error)
//sys Mknod(path string, mode uint32, dev int) (err error)
//sys Mknodat(fd int, path string, mode uint32, dev int) (err error)
//sys Nanosleep(time *Timespec, leftover *Timespec) (err error)
//sys Open(path string, mode int, perm uint32) (fd int, err error)
//sys Openat(dirfd int, path string, mode int, perm uint32) (fd int, err error)
//sys Pathconf(path string, name int) (val int, err error)
//sys read(fd int, p []byte) (n int, err error)
//sys Readlink(path string, buf []byte) (n int, err error)
//sys Rename(from string, to string) (err error)
//sys Renameat(fromfd int, from string, tofd int, to string) (err error)
//sys Revoke(path string) (err error)
//sys Rmdir(path string) (err error)
//sys Seek(fd int, offset int64, whence int) (newoffset int64, err error) = SYS_LSEEK
//sys Select(nfd int, r *FdSet, w *FdSet, e *FdSet, timeout *Timeval) (n int, err error)
//sysnb Setegid(egid int) (err error)
//sysnb Seteuid(euid int) (err error)
//sysnb Setgid(gid int) (err error)
//sys Setlogin(name string) (err error)
//sysnb Setpgid(pid int, pgid int) (err error)
//sys Setpriority(which int, who int, prio int) (err error)
//sysnb Setregid(rgid int, egid int) (err error)
//sysnb Setreuid(ruid int, euid int) (err error)
//sysnb Setresgid(rgid int, egid int, sgid int) (err error)
//sysnb Setresuid(ruid int, euid int, suid int) (err error)
//sysnb Setsid() (pid int, err error)
//sysnb Settimeofday(tp *Timeval) (err error)
//sysnb Setuid(uid int) (err error)
//sys Stat(path string, stat *Stat_t) (err error)
//sys Statfs(path string, stat *Statfs_t) (err error)
//sys Symlink(path string, link string) (err error)
//sys Symlinkat(oldpath string, newdirfd int, newpath string) (err error)
//sys Sync() (err error)
//sys Truncate(path string, length int64) (err error)
//sys Umask(newmask int) (oldmask int)
//sys Undelete(path string) (err error)
//sys Unlink(path string) (err error)
//sys Unlinkat(dirfd int, path string, flags int) (err error)
//sys Unmount(path string, flags int) (err error)
//sys write(fd int, p []byte) (n int, err error)
//sys mmap(addr uintptr, length uintptr, prot int, flag int, fd int, pos int64) (ret uintptr, err error)
//sys munmap(addr uintptr, length uintptr) (err error)
//sys accept4(fd int, rsa *RawSockaddrAny, addrlen *_Socklen, flags int) (nfd int, err error)
//sys utimensat(dirfd int, path string, times *[2]Timespec, flags int) (err error)