go.mod: upgrade to go 1.17

This change was produced using 'go mod tidy -go=1.17'
with a go command built at CL 315210.

This activates lazy loading, and updates the go.mod file to maintain
the lazy-loading invariants (namely, including an explicit requirement
for every package transitively imported by the main module).

Note that this does *not* prevent users with earlier go versions from
successfully building packages from this module.

For golang/go#36460.

Change-Id: I6697dd2fd740e59b959ee7b0458227374915293e
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/xerrors/+/316114
Run-TryBot: Bryan Mills <bcmills@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Michael Knyszek <mknyszek@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Dmitri Shuralyov <dmitshur@google.com>
Auto-Submit: Bryan Mills <bcmills@google.com>
TryBot-Result: Gopher Robot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Dmitri Shuralyov <dmitshur@golang.org>
diff --git a/go.mod b/go.mod
index 870d4f6..9235759 100644
--- a/go.mod
+++ b/go.mod
@@ -1,3 +1,3 @@
 module golang.org/x/xerrors
-go 1.11
+go 1.17