blob: 180a36c62016ba045f1829680e91182ac6d716a7 [file] [log] [blame]
// Copyright 2018 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
package lockedfile
import (
// A Mutex provides mutual exclusion within and across processes by locking a
// well-known file. Such a file generally guards some other part of the
// filesystem: for example, a Mutex file in a directory might guard access to
// the entire tree rooted in that directory.
// Mutex does not implement sync.Locker: unlike a sync.Mutex, a lockedfile.Mutex
// can fail to lock (e.g. if there is a permission error in the filesystem).
// Like a sync.Mutex, a Mutex may be included as a field of a larger struct but
// must not be copied after first use. The Path field must be set before first
// use and must not be change thereafter.
type Mutex struct {
Path string // The path to the well-known lock file. Must be non-empty.
mu sync.Mutex // A redundant mutex. The race detector doesn't know about file locking, so in tests we may need to lock something that it understands.
// MutexAt returns a new Mutex with Path set to the given non-empty path.
func MutexAt(path string) *Mutex {
if path == "" {
panic("lockedfile.MutexAt: path must be non-empty")
return &Mutex{Path: path}
func (mu *Mutex) String() string {
return fmt.Sprintf("lockedfile.Mutex(%s)", mu.Path)
// Lock attempts to lock the Mutex.
// If successful, Lock returns a non-nil unlock function: it is provided as a
// return-value instead of a separate method to remind the caller to check the
// accompanying error. (See
func (mu *Mutex) Lock() (unlock func(), err error) {
if mu.Path == "" {
panic("lockedfile.Mutex: missing Path during Lock")
// We could use either O_RDWR or O_WRONLY here. If we choose O_RDWR and the
// file at mu.Path is write-only, the call to OpenFile will fail with a
// permission error. That's actually what we want: if we add an RLock method
// in the future, it should call OpenFile with O_RDONLY and will require the
// files must be readable, so we should not let the caller make any
// assumptions about Mutex working with write-only files.
f, err := OpenFile(mu.Path, os.O_RDWR|os.O_CREATE, 0666)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
return func() {
}, nil