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 // Copyright 2019 The Go Authors. All rights reserved. // Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style // license that can be found in the LICENSE file. // Package myers implements the Myers diff algorithm. package myers import ( "strings" "golang.org/x/tools/internal/diff" "golang.org/x/tools/internal/span" ) // Sources: // https://blog.jcoglan.com/2017/02/17/the-myers-diff-algorithm-part-3/ // https://www.codeproject.com/Articles/42279/%2FArticles%2F42279%2FInvestigating-Myers-diff-algorithm-Part-1-of-2 func ComputeEdits(uri span.URI, before, after string) []diff.TextEdit { ops := operations(splitLines(before), splitLines(after)) edits := make([]diff.TextEdit, 0, len(ops)) for _, op := range ops { s := span.New(uri, span.NewPoint(op.I1+1, 1, 0), span.NewPoint(op.I2+1, 1, 0)) switch op.Kind { case diff.Delete: // Delete: unformatted[i1:i2] is deleted. edits = append(edits, diff.TextEdit{Span: s}) case diff.Insert: // Insert: formatted[j1:j2] is inserted at unformatted[i1:i1]. if content := strings.Join(op.Content, ""); content != "" { edits = append(edits, diff.TextEdit{Span: s, NewText: content}) } } } return edits } type operation struct { Kind diff.OpKind Content []string // content from b I1, I2 int // indices of the line in a J1 int // indices of the line in b, J2 implied by len(Content) } // operations returns the list of operations to convert a into b, consolidating // operations for multiple lines and not including equal lines. func operations(a, b []string) []*operation { if len(a) == 0 && len(b) == 0 { return nil } trace, offset := shortestEditSequence(a, b) snakes := backtrack(trace, len(a), len(b), offset) M, N := len(a), len(b) var i int solution := make([]*operation, len(a)+len(b)) add := func(op *operation, i2, j2 int) { if op == nil { return } op.I2 = i2 if op.Kind == diff.Insert { op.Content = b[op.J1:j2] } solution[i] = op i++ } x, y := 0, 0 for _, snake := range snakes { if len(snake) < 2 { continue } var op *operation // delete (horizontal) for snake[0]-snake[1] > x-y { if op == nil { op = &operation{ Kind: diff.Delete, I1: x, J1: y, } } x++ if x == M { break } } add(op, x, y) op = nil // insert (vertical) for snake[0]-snake[1] < x-y { if op == nil { op = &operation{ Kind: diff.Insert, I1: x, J1: y, } } y++ } add(op, x, y) op = nil // equal (diagonal) for x < snake[0] { x++ y++ } if x >= M && y >= N { break } } return solution[:i] } // backtrack uses the trace for the edit sequence computation and returns the // "snakes" that make up the solution. A "snake" is a single deletion or // insertion followed by zero or diagonals. func backtrack(trace [][]int, x, y, offset int) [][]int { snakes := make([][]int, len(trace)) d := len(trace) - 1 for ; x > 0 && y > 0 && d > 0; d-- { V := trace[d] if len(V) == 0 { continue } snakes[d] = []int{x, y} k := x - y var kPrev int if k == -d || (k != d && V[k-1+offset] < V[k+1+offset]) { kPrev = k + 1 } else { kPrev = k - 1 } x = V[kPrev+offset] y = x - kPrev } if x < 0 || y < 0 { return snakes } snakes[d] = []int{x, y} return snakes } // shortestEditSequence returns the shortest edit sequence that converts a into b. func shortestEditSequence(a, b []string) ([][]int, int) { M, N := len(a), len(b) V := make([]int, 2*(N+M)+1) offset := N + M trace := make([][]int, N+M+1) // Iterate through the maximum possible length of the SES (N+M). for d := 0; d <= N+M; d++ { copyV := make([]int, len(V)) // k lines are represented by the equation y = x - k. We move in // increments of 2 because end points for even d are on even k lines. for k := -d; k <= d; k += 2 { // At each point, we either go down or to the right. We go down if // k == -d, and we go to the right if k == d. We also prioritize // the maximum x value, because we prefer deletions to insertions. var x int if k == -d || (k != d && V[k-1+offset] < V[k+1+offset]) { x = V[k+1+offset] // down } else { x = V[k-1+offset] + 1 // right } y := x - k // Diagonal moves while we have equal contents. for x < M && y < N && a[x] == b[y] { x++ y++ } V[k+offset] = x // Return if we've exceeded the maximum values. if x == M && y == N { // Makes sure to save the state of the array before returning. copy(copyV, V) trace[d] = copyV return trace, offset } } // Save the state of the array. copy(copyV, V) trace[d] = copyV } return nil, 0 } func splitLines(text string) []string { lines := strings.SplitAfter(text, "\n") if lines[len(lines)-1] == "" { lines = lines[:len(lines)-1] } return lines }