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// Copyright 2020 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
package jsonrpc2
import (
errors ""
// NOTE: This file provides an experimental API for serving multiple remote
// jsonrpc2 clients over the network. For now, it is intentionally similar to
// net/http, but that may change in the future as we figure out the correct
// semantics.
// A StreamServer is used to serve incoming jsonrpc2 clients communicating over
// a newly created connection.
type StreamServer interface {
ServeStream(context.Context, Conn) error
// The ServerFunc type is an adapter that implements the StreamServer interface
// using an ordinary function.
type ServerFunc func(context.Context, Conn) error
// ServeStream calls f(ctx, s).
func (f ServerFunc) ServeStream(ctx context.Context, c Conn) error {
return f(ctx, c)
// HandlerServer returns a StreamServer that handles incoming streams using the
// provided handler.
func HandlerServer(h Handler) StreamServer {
return ServerFunc(func(ctx context.Context, conn Conn) error {
conn.Go(ctx, h)
return conn.Err()
// ListenAndServe starts an jsonrpc2 server on the given address. If
// idleTimeout is non-zero, ListenAndServe exits after there are no clients for
// this duration, otherwise it exits only on error.
func ListenAndServe(ctx context.Context, network, addr string, server StreamServer, idleTimeout time.Duration) error {
ln, err := net.Listen(network, addr)
if err != nil {
return err
defer ln.Close()
if network == "unix" {
defer os.Remove(addr)
return Serve(ctx, ln, server, idleTimeout)
// Serve accepts incoming connections from the network, and handles them using
// the provided server. If idleTimeout is non-zero, ListenAndServe exits after
// there are no clients for this duration, otherwise it exits only on error.
func Serve(ctx context.Context, ln net.Listener, server StreamServer, idleTimeout time.Duration) error {
ctx, cancel := context.WithCancel(ctx)
defer cancel()
// Max duration: ~290 years; surely that's long enough.
const forever = 1<<63 - 1
if idleTimeout <= 0 {
idleTimeout = forever
connTimer := time.NewTimer(idleTimeout)
newConns := make(chan net.Conn)
doneListening := make(chan error)
closedConns := make(chan error)
go func() {
for {
nc, err := ln.Accept()
if err != nil {
select {
case doneListening <- fmt.Errorf("Accept(): %w", err):
case <-ctx.Done():
newConns <- nc
activeConns := 0
for {
select {
case netConn := <-newConns:
stream := NewHeaderStream(netConn)
go func() {
conn := NewConn(stream)
closedConns <- server.ServeStream(ctx, conn)
case err := <-doneListening:
return err
case err := <-closedConns:
if !isClosingError(err) {
event.Error(ctx, "closed a connection", err)
if activeConns == 0 {
case <-connTimer.C:
return ErrIdleTimeout
case <-ctx.Done():
return ctx.Err()
// isClosingError reports if the error occurs normally during the process of
// closing a network connection. It uses imperfect heuristics that err on the
// side of false negatives, and should not be used for anything critical.
func isClosingError(err error) bool {
if errors.Is(err, io.EOF) {
return true
// Per, this error string should not
// change. This is not ideal, but since the worst that could happen here is
// some superfluous logging, it is acceptable.
if err.Error() == "use of closed network connection" {
return true
return false