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// Copyright 2009 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
package time
import "errors"
// A Ticker holds a channel that delivers ``ticks'' of a clock
// at intervals.
type Ticker struct {
C <-chan Time // The channel on which the ticks are delivered.
r runtimeTimer
// NewTicker returns a new Ticker containing a channel that will send
// the time on the channel after each tick. The period of the ticks is
// specified by the duration argument. The ticker will adjust the time
// interval or drop ticks to make up for slow receivers.
// The duration d must be greater than zero; if not, NewTicker will
// panic. Stop the ticker to release associated resources.
func NewTicker(d Duration) *Ticker {
if d <= 0 {
panic(errors.New("non-positive interval for NewTicker"))
// Give the channel a 1-element time buffer.
// If the client falls behind while reading, we drop ticks
// on the floor until the client catches up.
c := make(chan Time, 1)
t := &Ticker{
C: c,
r: runtimeTimer{
when: when(d),
period: int64(d),
f: sendTime,
arg: c,
return t
// Stop turns off a ticker. After Stop, no more ticks will be sent.
// Stop does not close the channel, to prevent a concurrent goroutine
// reading from the channel from seeing an erroneous "tick".
func (t *Ticker) Stop() {
// Reset stops a ticker and resets its period to the specified duration.
// The next tick will arrive after the new period elapses.
func (t *Ticker) Reset(d Duration) {
if t.r.f == nil {
panic("time: Reset called on uninitialized Ticker")
modTimer(&t.r, when(d), int64(d), t.r.f, t.r.arg, t.r.seq)
// Tick is a convenience wrapper for NewTicker providing access to the ticking
// channel only. While Tick is useful for clients that have no need to shut down
// the Ticker, be aware that without a way to shut it down the underlying
// Ticker cannot be recovered by the garbage collector; it "leaks".
// Unlike NewTicker, Tick will return nil if d <= 0.
func Tick(d Duration) <-chan Time {
if d <= 0 {
return nil
return NewTicker(d).C