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// Copyright 2012 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
package cookiejar
// This file implements the Punycode algorithm from RFC 3492.
import (
"fmt"
"strings"
"unicode/utf8"
)
// These parameter values are specified in section 5.
//
// All computation is done with int32s, so that overflow behavior is identical
// regardless of whether int is 32-bit or 64-bit.
const (
base int32 = 36
damp int32 = 700
initialBias int32 = 72
initialN int32 = 128
skew int32 = 38
tmax int32 = 26
tmin int32 = 1
)
// encode encodes a string as specified in section 6.3 and prepends prefix to
// the result.
//
// The "while h < length(input)" line in the specification becomes "for
// remaining != 0" in the Go code, because len(s) in Go is in bytes, not runes.
func encode(prefix, s string) (string, error) {
output := make([]byte, len(prefix), len(prefix)+1+2*len(s))
copy(output, prefix)
delta, n, bias := int32(0), initialN, initialBias
b, remaining := int32(0), int32(0)
for _, r := range s {
if r < utf8.RuneSelf {
b++
output = append(output, byte(r))
} else {
remaining++
}
}
h := b
if b > 0 {
output = append(output, '-')
}
for remaining != 0 {
m := int32(0x7fffffff)
for _, r := range s {
if m > r && r >= n {
m = r
}
}
delta += (m - n) * (h + 1)
if delta < 0 {
return "", fmt.Errorf("cookiejar: invalid label %q", s)
}
n = m
for _, r := range s {
if r < n {
delta++
if delta < 0 {
return "", fmt.Errorf("cookiejar: invalid label %q", s)
}
continue
}
if r > n {
continue
}
q := delta
for k := base; ; k += base {
t := k - bias
if t < tmin {
t = tmin
} else if t > tmax {
t = tmax
}
if q < t {
break
}
output = append(output, encodeDigit(t+(q-t)%(base-t)))
q = (q - t) / (base - t)
}
output = append(output, encodeDigit(q))
bias = adapt(delta, h+1, h == b)
delta = 0
h++
remaining--
}
delta++
n++
}
return string(output), nil
}
func encodeDigit(digit int32) byte {
switch {
case 0 <= digit && digit < 26:
return byte(digit + 'a')
case 26 <= digit && digit < 36:
return byte(digit + ('0' - 26))
}
panic("cookiejar: internal error in punycode encoding")
}
// adapt is the bias adaptation function specified in section 6.1.
func adapt(delta, numPoints int32, firstTime bool) int32 {
if firstTime {
delta /= damp
} else {
delta /= 2
}
delta += delta / numPoints
k := int32(0)
for delta > ((base-tmin)*tmax)/2 {
delta /= base - tmin
k += base
}
return k + (base-tmin+1)*delta/(delta+skew)
}
// Strictly speaking, the remaining code below deals with IDNA (RFC 5890 and
// friends) and not Punycode (RFC 3492) per se.
// acePrefix is the ASCII Compatible Encoding prefix.
const acePrefix = "xn--"
// toASCII converts a domain or domain label to its ASCII form. For example,
// toASCII("b├╝cher.example.com") is "xn--bcher-kva.example.com", and
// toASCII("golang") is "golang".
func toASCII(s string) (string, error) {
if ascii(s) {
return s, nil
}
labels := strings.Split(s, ".")
for i, label := range labels {
if !ascii(label) {
a, err := encode(acePrefix, label)
if err != nil {
return "", err
}
labels[i] = a
}
}
return strings.Join(labels, "."), nil
}
func ascii(s string) bool {
for i := 0; i < len(s); i++ {
if s[i] >= utf8.RuneSelf {
return false
}
}
return true
}