[release-branch.go1.14] cmd/compile, runtime: mark R12 clobbered for write barrier call on PPC64

When external linking, for large binaries, the external linker
may insert a trampoline for the write barrier call, which looks

0000000005a98cc8 <__long_branch_runtime.gcWriteBarrier>:
 5a98cc8:       86 01 82 3d     addis   r12,r2,390
 5a98ccc:       d8 bd 8c e9     ld      r12,-16936(r12)
 5a98cd0:       a6 03 89 7d     mtctr   r12
 5a98cd4:       20 04 80 4e     bctr

It clobbers R12 (and CTR, which is never live across a call).

As at compile time we don't know whether the binary is big and
what link mode will be used, I think we need to mark R12 as
clobbered for write barrier call. For extra safety (future-proof)
we mark caller-saved register that cannot be used for function
arguments, which includes R11, as potentially clobbered as well.

Updates #40851.
Fixes #40938.

Change-Id: Iedd901c5072f1127cc59b0a48cfeb4aaec81b519
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/248917
Run-TryBot: Cherry Zhang <cherryyz@google.com>
TryBot-Result: Gobot Gobot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Austin Clements <austin@google.com>
(cherry picked from commit b58d29741650c7bf10b17f455666e2727e1cdd2e)
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/249697
3 files changed
tree: c9085a009d961a2a25c4f31ebfbb9cc248cd75ca
  1. .github/
  2. api/
  3. doc/
  4. lib/
  5. misc/
  6. src/
  7. test/
  8. .gitattributes
  9. .gitignore
  13. favicon.ico
  16. README.md
  17. robots.txt
  18. SECURITY.md

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