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// Copyright 2009 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
// Package dwarf provides access to DWARF debugging information loaded from
// executable files, as defined in the DWARF 2.0 Standard at
package dwarf
import (
// Data represents the DWARF debugging information
// loaded from an executable file (for example, an ELF or Mach-O executable).
type Data struct {
// raw data
abbrev []byte
aranges []byte
frame []byte
info []byte
line []byte
pubnames []byte
ranges []byte
str []byte
// New sections added in DWARF 5.
addr []byte
lineStr []byte
strOffsets []byte
rngLists []byte
// parsed data
abbrevCache map[uint64]abbrevTable
bigEndian bool
order binary.ByteOrder
typeCache map[Offset]Type
typeSigs map[uint64]*typeUnit
unit []unit
var errSegmentSelector = errors.New("non-zero segment_selector size not supported")
// New returns a new Data object initialized from the given parameters.
// Rather than calling this function directly, clients should typically use
// the DWARF method of the File type of the appropriate package debug/elf,
// debug/macho, or debug/pe.
// The []byte arguments are the data from the corresponding debug section
// in the object file; for example, for an ELF object, abbrev is the contents of
// the ".debug_abbrev" section.
func New(abbrev, aranges, frame, info, line, pubnames, ranges, str []byte) (*Data, error) {
d := &Data{
abbrev: abbrev,
aranges: aranges,
frame: frame,
info: info,
line: line,
pubnames: pubnames,
ranges: ranges,
str: str,
abbrevCache: make(map[uint64]abbrevTable),
typeCache: make(map[Offset]Type),
typeSigs: make(map[uint64]*typeUnit),
// Sniff .debug_info to figure out byte order.
// 32-bit DWARF: 4 byte length, 2 byte version.
// 64-bit DWARf: 4 bytes of 0xff, 8 byte length, 2 byte version.
if len( < 6 {
return nil, DecodeError{"info", Offset(len(, "too short"}
offset := 4
if[0] == 0xff &&[1] == 0xff &&[2] == 0xff &&[3] == 0xff {
if len( < 14 {
return nil, DecodeError{"info", Offset(len(, "too short"}
offset = 12
// Fetch the version, a tiny 16-bit number (1, 2, 3, 4, 5).
x, y :=[offset],[offset+1]
switch {
case x == 0 && y == 0:
return nil, DecodeError{"info", 4, "unsupported version 0"}
case x == 0:
d.bigEndian = true
d.order = binary.BigEndian
case y == 0:
d.bigEndian = false
d.order = binary.LittleEndian
return nil, DecodeError{"info", 4, "cannot determine byte order"}
u, err := d.parseUnits()
if err != nil {
return nil, err
d.unit = u
return d, nil
// AddTypes will add one .debug_types section to the DWARF data. A
// typical object with DWARF version 4 debug info will have multiple
// .debug_types sections. The name is used for error reporting only,
// and serves to distinguish one .debug_types section from another.
func (d *Data) AddTypes(name string, types []byte) error {
return d.parseTypes(name, types)
// AddSection adds another DWARF section by name. The name should be a
// DWARF section name such as ".debug_addr", ".debug_str_offsets", and
// so forth. This approach is used for new DWARF sections added in
// DWARF 5 and later.
func (d *Data) AddSection(name string, contents []byte) error {
var err error
switch name {
case ".debug_addr":
d.addr = contents
case ".debug_line_str":
d.lineStr = contents
case ".debug_str_offsets":
d.strOffsets = contents
case ".debug_rnglists":
d.rngLists = contents
// Just ignore names that we don't yet support.
return err