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// Copyright 2009 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
package tls
import (
const (
VersionTLS10 = 0x0301
VersionTLS11 = 0x0302
VersionTLS12 = 0x0303
VersionTLS13 = 0x0304
// Deprecated: SSLv3 is cryptographically broken, and is no longer
// supported by this package. See
VersionSSL30 = 0x0300
const (
maxPlaintext = 16384 // maximum plaintext payload length
maxCiphertext = 16384 + 2048 // maximum ciphertext payload length
maxCiphertextTLS13 = 16384 + 256 // maximum ciphertext length in TLS 1.3
recordHeaderLen = 5 // record header length
maxHandshake = 65536 // maximum handshake we support (protocol max is 16 MB)
maxUselessRecords = 16 // maximum number of consecutive non-advancing records
// TLS record types.
type recordType uint8
const (
recordTypeChangeCipherSpec recordType = 20
recordTypeAlert recordType = 21
recordTypeHandshake recordType = 22
recordTypeApplicationData recordType = 23
// TLS handshake message types.
const (
typeHelloRequest uint8 = 0
typeClientHello uint8 = 1
typeServerHello uint8 = 2
typeNewSessionTicket uint8 = 4
typeEndOfEarlyData uint8 = 5
typeEncryptedExtensions uint8 = 8
typeCertificate uint8 = 11
typeServerKeyExchange uint8 = 12
typeCertificateRequest uint8 = 13
typeServerHelloDone uint8 = 14
typeCertificateVerify uint8 = 15
typeClientKeyExchange uint8 = 16
typeFinished uint8 = 20
typeCertificateStatus uint8 = 22
typeKeyUpdate uint8 = 24
typeNextProtocol uint8 = 67 // Not IANA assigned
typeMessageHash uint8 = 254 // synthetic message
// TLS compression types.
const (
compressionNone uint8 = 0
// TLS extension numbers
const (
extensionServerName uint16 = 0
extensionStatusRequest uint16 = 5
extensionSupportedCurves uint16 = 10 // supported_groups in TLS 1.3, see RFC 8446, Section 4.2.7
extensionSupportedPoints uint16 = 11
extensionSignatureAlgorithms uint16 = 13
extensionALPN uint16 = 16
extensionSCT uint16 = 18
extensionSessionTicket uint16 = 35
extensionPreSharedKey uint16 = 41
extensionEarlyData uint16 = 42
extensionSupportedVersions uint16 = 43
extensionCookie uint16 = 44
extensionPSKModes uint16 = 45
extensionCertificateAuthorities uint16 = 47
extensionSignatureAlgorithmsCert uint16 = 50
extensionKeyShare uint16 = 51
extensionRenegotiationInfo uint16 = 0xff01
// TLS signaling cipher suite values
const (
scsvRenegotiation uint16 = 0x00ff
// CurveID is the type of a TLS identifier for an elliptic curve. See
// In TLS 1.3, this type is called NamedGroup, but at this time this library
// only supports Elliptic Curve based groups. See RFC 8446, Section 4.2.7.
type CurveID uint16
const (
CurveP256 CurveID = 23
CurveP384 CurveID = 24
CurveP521 CurveID = 25
X25519 CurveID = 29
// TLS 1.3 Key Share. See RFC 8446, Section 4.2.8.
type keyShare struct {
group CurveID
data []byte
// TLS 1.3 PSK Key Exchange Modes. See RFC 8446, Section 4.2.9.
const (
pskModePlain uint8 = 0
pskModeDHE uint8 = 1
// TLS 1.3 PSK Identity. Can be a Session Ticket, or a reference to a saved
// session. See RFC 8446, Section 4.2.11.
type pskIdentity struct {
label []byte
obfuscatedTicketAge uint32
// TLS Elliptic Curve Point Formats
const (
pointFormatUncompressed uint8 = 0
// TLS CertificateStatusType (RFC 3546)
const (
statusTypeOCSP uint8 = 1
// Certificate types (for certificateRequestMsg)
const (
certTypeRSASign = 1
certTypeECDSASign = 64 // ECDSA or EdDSA keys, see RFC 8422, Section 3.
// Signature algorithms (for internal signaling use). Starting at 225 to avoid overlap with
// TLS 1.2 codepoints (RFC 5246, Appendix A.4.1), with which these have nothing to do.
const (
signaturePKCS1v15 uint8 = iota + 225
// directSigning is a standard Hash value that signals that no pre-hashing
// should be performed, and that the input should be signed directly. It is the
// hash function associated with the Ed25519 signature scheme.
var directSigning crypto.Hash = 0
// supportedSignatureAlgorithms contains the signature and hash algorithms that
// the code advertises as supported in a TLS 1.2+ ClientHello and in a TLS 1.2+
// CertificateRequest. The two fields are merged to match with TLS 1.3.
// Note that in TLS 1.2, the ECDSA algorithms are not constrained to P-256, etc.
var supportedSignatureAlgorithms = []SignatureScheme{
// helloRetryRequestRandom is set as the Random value of a ServerHello
// to signal that the message is actually a HelloRetryRequest.
var helloRetryRequestRandom = []byte{ // See RFC 8446, Section 4.1.3.
0xCF, 0x21, 0xAD, 0x74, 0xE5, 0x9A, 0x61, 0x11,
0xBE, 0x1D, 0x8C, 0x02, 0x1E, 0x65, 0xB8, 0x91,
0xC2, 0xA2, 0x11, 0x16, 0x7A, 0xBB, 0x8C, 0x5E,
0x07, 0x9E, 0x09, 0xE2, 0xC8, 0xA8, 0x33, 0x9C,
const (
// downgradeCanaryTLS12 or downgradeCanaryTLS11 is embedded in the server
// random as a downgrade protection if the server would be capable of
// negotiating a higher version. See RFC 8446, Section 4.1.3.
downgradeCanaryTLS12 = "DOWNGRD\x01"
downgradeCanaryTLS11 = "DOWNGRD\x00"
// testingOnlyForceDowngradeCanary is set in tests to force the server side to
// include downgrade canaries even if it's using its highers supported version.
var testingOnlyForceDowngradeCanary bool
// ConnectionState records basic TLS details about the connection.
type ConnectionState struct {
// Version is the TLS version used by the connection (e.g. VersionTLS12).
Version uint16
// HandshakeComplete is true if the handshake has concluded.
HandshakeComplete bool
// DidResume is true if this connection was successfully resumed from a
// previous session with a session ticket or similar mechanism.
DidResume bool
// CipherSuite is the cipher suite negotiated for the connection (e.g.
CipherSuite uint16
// NegotiatedProtocol is the application protocol negotiated with ALPN.
// Note that on the client side, this is currently not guaranteed to be from
// Config.NextProtos.
NegotiatedProtocol string
// NegotiatedProtocolIsMutual used to indicate a mutual NPN negotiation.
// Deprecated: this value is always true.
NegotiatedProtocolIsMutual bool
// ServerName is the value of the Server Name Indication extension sent by
// the client. It's available both on the server and on the client side.
ServerName string
// PeerCertificates are the parsed certificates sent by the peer, in the
// order in which they were sent. The first element is the leaf certificate
// that the connection is verified against.
// On the client side, it can't be empty. On the server side, it can be
// empty if Config.ClientAuth is not RequireAnyClientCert or
// RequireAndVerifyClientCert.
PeerCertificates []*x509.Certificate
// VerifiedChains is a list of one or more chains where the first element is
// PeerCertificates[0] and the last element is from Config.RootCAs (on the
// client side) or Config.ClientCAs (on the server side).
// On the client side, it's set if Config.InsecureSkipVerify is false. On
// the server side, it's set if Config.ClientAuth is VerifyClientCertIfGiven
// (and the peer provided a certificate) or RequireAndVerifyClientCert.
VerifiedChains [][]*x509.Certificate
// SignedCertificateTimestamps is a list of SCTs provided by the peer
// through the TLS handshake for the leaf certificate, if any.
SignedCertificateTimestamps [][]byte
// OCSPResponse is a stapled Online Certificate Status Protocol (OCSP)
// response provided by the peer for the leaf certificate, if any.
OCSPResponse []byte
// TLSUnique contains the "tls-unique" channel binding value (see RFC 5929,
// Section 3). This value will be nil for TLS 1.3 connections and for all
// resumed connections.
// Deprecated: there are conditions in which this value might not be unique
// to a connection. See the Security Considerations sections of RFC 5705 and
// RFC 7627, and
TLSUnique []byte
// ekm is a closure exposed via ExportKeyingMaterial.
ekm func(label string, context []byte, length int) ([]byte, error)
// ExportKeyingMaterial returns length bytes of exported key material in a new
// slice as defined in RFC 5705. If context is nil, it is not used as part of
// the seed. If the connection was set to allow renegotiation via
// Config.Renegotiation, this function will return an error.
func (cs *ConnectionState) ExportKeyingMaterial(label string, context []byte, length int) ([]byte, error) {
return cs.ekm(label, context, length)
// ClientAuthType declares the policy the server will follow for
// TLS Client Authentication.
type ClientAuthType int
const (
NoClientCert ClientAuthType = iota
// requiresClientCert reports whether the ClientAuthType requires a client
// certificate to be provided.
func requiresClientCert(c ClientAuthType) bool {
switch c {
case RequireAnyClientCert, RequireAndVerifyClientCert:
return true
return false
// ClientSessionState contains the state needed by clients to resume TLS
// sessions.
type ClientSessionState struct {
sessionTicket []uint8 // Encrypted ticket used for session resumption with server
vers uint16 // TLS version negotiated for the session
cipherSuite uint16 // Ciphersuite negotiated for the session
masterSecret []byte // Full handshake MasterSecret, or TLS 1.3 resumption_master_secret
serverCertificates []*x509.Certificate // Certificate chain presented by the server
verifiedChains [][]*x509.Certificate // Certificate chains we built for verification
receivedAt time.Time // When the session ticket was received from the server
ocspResponse []byte // Stapled OCSP response presented by the server
scts [][]byte // SCTs presented by the server
// TLS 1.3 fields.
nonce []byte // Ticket nonce sent by the server, to derive PSK
useBy time.Time // Expiration of the ticket lifetime as set by the server
ageAdd uint32 // Random obfuscation factor for sending the ticket age
// ClientSessionCache is a cache of ClientSessionState objects that can be used
// by a client to resume a TLS session with a given server. ClientSessionCache
// implementations should expect to be called concurrently from different
// goroutines. Up to TLS 1.2, only ticket-based resumption is supported, not
// SessionID-based resumption. In TLS 1.3 they were merged into PSK modes, which
// are supported via this interface.
type ClientSessionCache interface {
// Get searches for a ClientSessionState associated with the given key.
// On return, ok is true if one was found.
Get(sessionKey string) (session *ClientSessionState, ok bool)
// Put adds the ClientSessionState to the cache with the given key. It might
// get called multiple times in a connection if a TLS 1.3 server provides
// more than one session ticket. If called with a nil *ClientSessionState,
// it should remove the cache entry.
Put(sessionKey string, cs *ClientSessionState)
//go:generate stringer -type=SignatureScheme,CurveID,ClientAuthType -output=common_string.go
// SignatureScheme identifies a signature algorithm supported by TLS. See
// RFC 8446, Section 4.2.3.
type SignatureScheme uint16
const (
// RSASSA-PKCS1-v1_5 algorithms.
PKCS1WithSHA256 SignatureScheme = 0x0401
PKCS1WithSHA384 SignatureScheme = 0x0501
PKCS1WithSHA512 SignatureScheme = 0x0601
// RSASSA-PSS algorithms with public key OID rsaEncryption.
PSSWithSHA256 SignatureScheme = 0x0804
PSSWithSHA384 SignatureScheme = 0x0805
PSSWithSHA512 SignatureScheme = 0x0806
// ECDSA algorithms. Only constrained to a specific curve in TLS 1.3.
ECDSAWithP256AndSHA256 SignatureScheme = 0x0403
ECDSAWithP384AndSHA384 SignatureScheme = 0x0503
ECDSAWithP521AndSHA512 SignatureScheme = 0x0603
// EdDSA algorithms.
Ed25519 SignatureScheme = 0x0807
// Legacy signature and hash algorithms for TLS 1.2.
PKCS1WithSHA1 SignatureScheme = 0x0201
ECDSAWithSHA1 SignatureScheme = 0x0203
// ClientHelloInfo contains information from a ClientHello message in order to
// guide application logic in the GetCertificate and GetConfigForClient callbacks.
type ClientHelloInfo struct {
// CipherSuites lists the CipherSuites supported by the client (e.g.
CipherSuites []uint16
// ServerName indicates the name of the server requested by the client
// in order to support virtual hosting. ServerName is only set if the
// client is using SNI (see RFC 4366, Section 3.1).
ServerName string
// SupportedCurves lists the elliptic curves supported by the client.
// SupportedCurves is set only if the Supported Elliptic Curves
// Extension is being used (see RFC 4492, Section 5.1.1).
SupportedCurves []CurveID
// SupportedPoints lists the point formats supported by the client.
// SupportedPoints is set only if the Supported Point Formats Extension
// is being used (see RFC 4492, Section 5.1.2).
SupportedPoints []uint8
// SignatureSchemes lists the signature and hash schemes that the client
// is willing to verify. SignatureSchemes is set only if the Signature
// Algorithms Extension is being used (see RFC 5246, Section
SignatureSchemes []SignatureScheme
// SupportedProtos lists the application protocols supported by the client.
// SupportedProtos is set only if the Application-Layer Protocol
// Negotiation Extension is being used (see RFC 7301, Section 3.1).
// Servers can select a protocol by setting Config.NextProtos in a
// GetConfigForClient return value.
SupportedProtos []string
// SupportedVersions lists the TLS versions supported by the client.
// For TLS versions less than 1.3, this is extrapolated from the max
// version advertised by the client, so values other than the greatest
// might be rejected if used.
SupportedVersions []uint16
// Conn is the underlying net.Conn for the connection. Do not read
// from, or write to, this connection; that will cause the TLS
// connection to fail.
Conn net.Conn
// config is embedded by the GetCertificate or GetConfigForClient caller,
// for use with SupportsCertificate.
config *Config
// CertificateRequestInfo contains information from a server's
// CertificateRequest message, which is used to demand a certificate and proof
// of control from a client.
type CertificateRequestInfo struct {
// AcceptableCAs contains zero or more, DER-encoded, X.501
// Distinguished Names. These are the names of root or intermediate CAs
// that the server wishes the returned certificate to be signed by. An
// empty slice indicates that the server has no preference.
AcceptableCAs [][]byte
// SignatureSchemes lists the signature schemes that the server is
// willing to verify.
SignatureSchemes []SignatureScheme
// Version is the TLS version that was negotiated for this connection.
Version uint16
// RenegotiationSupport enumerates the different levels of support for TLS
// renegotiation. TLS renegotiation is the act of performing subsequent
// handshakes on a connection after the first. This significantly complicates
// the state machine and has been the source of numerous, subtle security
// issues. Initiating a renegotiation is not supported, but support for
// accepting renegotiation requests may be enabled.
// Even when enabled, the server may not change its identity between handshakes
// (i.e. the leaf certificate must be the same). Additionally, concurrent
// handshake and application data flow is not permitted so renegotiation can
// only be used with protocols that synchronise with the renegotiation, such as
// Renegotiation is not defined in TLS 1.3.
type RenegotiationSupport int
const (
// RenegotiateNever disables renegotiation.
RenegotiateNever RenegotiationSupport = iota
// RenegotiateOnceAsClient allows a remote server to request
// renegotiation once per connection.
// RenegotiateFreelyAsClient allows a remote server to repeatedly
// request renegotiation.
// A Config structure is used to configure a TLS client or server.
// After one has been passed to a TLS function it must not be
// modified. A Config may be reused; the tls package will also not
// modify it.
type Config struct {
// Rand provides the source of entropy for nonces and RSA blinding.
// If Rand is nil, TLS uses the cryptographic random reader in package
// crypto/rand.
// The Reader must be safe for use by multiple goroutines.
Rand io.Reader
// Time returns the current time as the number of seconds since the epoch.
// If Time is nil, TLS uses time.Now.
Time func() time.Time
// Certificates contains one or more certificate chains to present to the
// other side of the connection. The first certificate compatible with the
// peer's requirements is selected automatically.
// Server configurations must set one of Certificates, GetCertificate or
// GetConfigForClient. Clients doing client-authentication may set either
// Certificates or GetClientCertificate.
// Note: if there are multiple Certificates, and they don't have the
// optional field Leaf set, certificate selection will incur a significant
// per-handshake performance cost.
Certificates []Certificate
// NameToCertificate maps from a certificate name to an element of
// Certificates. Note that a certificate name can be of the form
// '*' and so doesn't have to be a domain name as such.
// Deprecated: NameToCertificate only allows associating a single
// certificate with a given name. Leave this field nil to let the library
// select the first compatible chain from Certificates.
NameToCertificate map[string]*Certificate
// GetCertificate returns a Certificate based on the given
// ClientHelloInfo. It will only be called if the client supplies SNI
// information or if Certificates is empty.
// If GetCertificate is nil or returns nil, then the certificate is
// retrieved from NameToCertificate. If NameToCertificate is nil, the
// best element of Certificates will be used.
GetCertificate func(*ClientHelloInfo) (*Certificate, error)
// GetClientCertificate, if not nil, is called when a server requests a
// certificate from a client. If set, the contents of Certificates will
// be ignored.
// If GetClientCertificate returns an error, the handshake will be
// aborted and that error will be returned. Otherwise
// GetClientCertificate must return a non-nil Certificate. If
// Certificate.Certificate is empty then no certificate will be sent to
// the server. If this is unacceptable to the server then it may abort
// the handshake.
// GetClientCertificate may be called multiple times for the same
// connection if renegotiation occurs or if TLS 1.3 is in use.
GetClientCertificate func(*CertificateRequestInfo) (*Certificate, error)
// GetConfigForClient, if not nil, is called after a ClientHello is
// received from a client. It may return a non-nil Config in order to
// change the Config that will be used to handle this connection. If
// the returned Config is nil, the original Config will be used. The
// Config returned by this callback may not be subsequently modified.
// If GetConfigForClient is nil, the Config passed to Server() will be
// used for all connections.
// If SessionTicketKey was explicitly set on the returned Config, or if
// SetSessionTicketKeys was called on the returned Config, those keys will
// be used. Otherwise, the original Config keys will be used (and possibly
// rotated if they are automatically managed).
GetConfigForClient func(*ClientHelloInfo) (*Config, error)
// VerifyPeerCertificate, if not nil, is called after normal
// certificate verification by either a TLS client or server. It
// receives the raw ASN.1 certificates provided by the peer and also
// any verified chains that normal processing found. If it returns a
// non-nil error, the handshake is aborted and that error results.
// If normal verification fails then the handshake will abort before
// considering this callback. If normal verification is disabled by
// setting InsecureSkipVerify, or (for a server) when ClientAuth is
// RequestClientCert or RequireAnyClientCert, then this callback will
// be considered but the verifiedChains argument will always be nil.
VerifyPeerCertificate func(rawCerts [][]byte, verifiedChains [][]*x509.Certificate) error
// VerifyConnection, if not nil, is called after normal certificate
// verification and after VerifyPeerCertificate by either a TLS client
// or server. If it returns a non-nil error, the handshake is aborted
// and that error results.
// If normal verification fails then the handshake will abort before
// considering this callback. This callback will run for all connections
// regardless of InsecureSkipVerify or ClientAuth settings.
VerifyConnection func(ConnectionState) error
// RootCAs defines the set of root certificate authorities
// that clients use when verifying server certificates.
// If RootCAs is nil, TLS uses the host's root CA set.
RootCAs *x509.CertPool
// NextProtos is a list of supported application level protocols, in
// order of preference.
NextProtos []string
// ServerName is used to verify the hostname on the returned
// certificates unless InsecureSkipVerify is given. It is also included
// in the client's handshake to support virtual hosting unless it is
// an IP address.
ServerName string
// ClientAuth determines the server's policy for
// TLS Client Authentication. The default is NoClientCert.
ClientAuth ClientAuthType
// ClientCAs defines the set of root certificate authorities
// that servers use if required to verify a client certificate
// by the policy in ClientAuth.
ClientCAs *x509.CertPool
// InsecureSkipVerify controls whether a client verifies the server's
// certificate chain and host name. If InsecureSkipVerify is true, crypto/tls
// accepts any certificate presented by the server and any host name in that
// certificate. In this mode, TLS is susceptible to machine-in-the-middle
// attacks unless custom verification is used. This should be used only for
// testing or in combination with VerifyConnection or VerifyPeerCertificate.
InsecureSkipVerify bool
// CipherSuites is a list of supported cipher suites for TLS versions up to
// TLS 1.2. If CipherSuites is nil, a default list of secure cipher suites
// is used, with a preference order based on hardware performance. The
// default cipher suites might change over Go versions. Note that TLS 1.3
// ciphersuites are not configurable.
CipherSuites []uint16
// PreferServerCipherSuites controls whether the server selects the
// client's most preferred ciphersuite, or the server's most preferred
// ciphersuite. If true then the server's preference, as expressed in
// the order of elements in CipherSuites, is used.
PreferServerCipherSuites bool
// SessionTicketsDisabled may be set to true to disable session ticket and
// PSK (resumption) support. Note that on clients, session ticket support is
// also disabled if ClientSessionCache is nil.
SessionTicketsDisabled bool
// SessionTicketKey is used by TLS servers to provide session resumption.
// See RFC 5077 and the PSK mode of RFC 8446. If zero, it will be filled
// with random data before the first server handshake.
// Deprecated: if this field is left at zero, session ticket keys will be
// automatically rotated every day and dropped after seven days. For
// customizing the rotation schedule or synchronizing servers that are
// terminating connections for the same host, use SetSessionTicketKeys.
SessionTicketKey [32]byte
// ClientSessionCache is a cache of ClientSessionState entries for TLS
// session resumption. It is only used by clients.
ClientSessionCache ClientSessionCache
// MinVersion contains the minimum TLS version that is acceptable.
// If zero, TLS 1.0 is currently taken as the minimum.
MinVersion uint16
// MaxVersion contains the maximum TLS version that is acceptable.
// If zero, the maximum version supported by this package is used,
// which is currently TLS 1.3.
MaxVersion uint16
// CurvePreferences contains the elliptic curves that will be used in
// an ECDHE handshake, in preference order. If empty, the default will
// be used. The client will use the first preference as the type for
// its key share in TLS 1.3. This may change in the future.
CurvePreferences []CurveID
// DynamicRecordSizingDisabled disables adaptive sizing of TLS records.
// When true, the largest possible TLS record size is always used. When
// false, the size of TLS records may be adjusted in an attempt to
// improve latency.
DynamicRecordSizingDisabled bool
// Renegotiation controls what types of renegotiation are supported.
// The default, none, is correct for the vast majority of applications.
Renegotiation RenegotiationSupport
// KeyLogWriter optionally specifies a destination for TLS master secrets
// in NSS key log format that can be used to allow external programs
// such as Wireshark to decrypt TLS connections.
// See
// Use of KeyLogWriter compromises security and should only be
// used for debugging.
KeyLogWriter io.Writer
// mutex protects sessionTicketKeys and autoSessionTicketKeys.
mutex sync.RWMutex
// sessionTicketKeys contains zero or more ticket keys. If set, it means the
// the keys were set with SessionTicketKey or SetSessionTicketKeys. The
// first key is used for new tickets and any subsequent keys can be used to
// decrypt old tickets. The slice contents are not protected by the mutex
// and are immutable.
sessionTicketKeys []ticketKey
// autoSessionTicketKeys is like sessionTicketKeys but is owned by the
// auto-rotation logic. See Config.ticketKeys.
autoSessionTicketKeys []ticketKey
const (
// ticketKeyNameLen is the number of bytes of identifier that is prepended to
// an encrypted session ticket in order to identify the key used to encrypt it.
ticketKeyNameLen = 16
// ticketKeyLifetime is how long a ticket key remains valid and can be used to
// resume a client connection.
ticketKeyLifetime = 7 * 24 * time.Hour // 7 days
// ticketKeyRotation is how often the server should rotate the session ticket key
// that is used for new tickets.
ticketKeyRotation = 24 * time.Hour
// ticketKey is the internal representation of a session ticket key.
type ticketKey struct {
// keyName is an opaque byte string that serves to identify the session
// ticket key. It's exposed as plaintext in every session ticket.
keyName [ticketKeyNameLen]byte
aesKey [16]byte
hmacKey [16]byte
// created is the time at which this ticket key was created. See Config.ticketKeys.
created time.Time
// ticketKeyFromBytes converts from the external representation of a session
// ticket key to a ticketKey. Externally, session ticket keys are 32 random
// bytes and this function expands that into sufficient name and key material.
func (c *Config) ticketKeyFromBytes(b [32]byte) (key ticketKey) {
hashed := sha512.Sum512(b[:])
copy(key.keyName[:], hashed[:ticketKeyNameLen])
copy(key.aesKey[:], hashed[ticketKeyNameLen:ticketKeyNameLen+16])
copy(key.hmacKey[:], hashed[ticketKeyNameLen+16:ticketKeyNameLen+32])
key.created = c.time()
return key
// maxSessionTicketLifetime is the maximum allowed lifetime of a TLS 1.3 session
// ticket, and the lifetime we set for tickets we send.
const maxSessionTicketLifetime = 7 * 24 * time.Hour
// Clone returns a shallow clone of c. It is safe to clone a Config that is
// being used concurrently by a TLS client or server.
func (c *Config) Clone() *Config {
defer c.mutex.RUnlock()
return &Config{
Rand: c.Rand,
Time: c.Time,
Certificates: c.Certificates,
NameToCertificate: c.NameToCertificate,
GetCertificate: c.GetCertificate,
GetClientCertificate: c.GetClientCertificate,
GetConfigForClient: c.GetConfigForClient,
VerifyPeerCertificate: c.VerifyPeerCertificate,
VerifyConnection: c.VerifyConnection,
RootCAs: c.RootCAs,
NextProtos: c.NextProtos,
ServerName: c.ServerName,
ClientAuth: c.ClientAuth,
ClientCAs: c.ClientCAs,
InsecureSkipVerify: c.InsecureSkipVerify,
CipherSuites: c.CipherSuites,
PreferServerCipherSuites: c.PreferServerCipherSuites,
SessionTicketsDisabled: c.SessionTicketsDisabled,
SessionTicketKey: c.SessionTicketKey,
ClientSessionCache: c.ClientSessionCache,
MinVersion: c.MinVersion,
MaxVersion: c.MaxVersion,
CurvePreferences: c.CurvePreferences,
DynamicRecordSizingDisabled: c.DynamicRecordSizingDisabled,
Renegotiation: c.Renegotiation,
KeyLogWriter: c.KeyLogWriter,
sessionTicketKeys: c.sessionTicketKeys,
autoSessionTicketKeys: c.autoSessionTicketKeys,
// deprecatedSessionTicketKey is set as the prefix of SessionTicketKey if it was
// randomized for backwards compatibility but is not in use.
var deprecatedSessionTicketKey = []byte("DEPRECATED")
// initLegacySessionTicketKeyRLocked ensures the legacy SessionTicketKey field is
// randomized if empty, and that sessionTicketKeys is populated from it otherwise.
func (c *Config) initLegacySessionTicketKeyRLocked() {
// Don't write if SessionTicketKey is already defined as our deprecated string,
// or if it is defined by the user but sessionTicketKeys is already set.
if c.SessionTicketKey != [32]byte{} &&
(bytes.HasPrefix(c.SessionTicketKey[:], deprecatedSessionTicketKey) || len(c.sessionTicketKeys) > 0) {
// We need to write some data, so get an exclusive lock and re-check any conditions.
defer c.mutex.RLock()
defer c.mutex.Unlock()
if c.SessionTicketKey == [32]byte{} {
if _, err := io.ReadFull(c.rand(), c.SessionTicketKey[:]); err != nil {
panic(fmt.Sprintf("tls: unable to generate random session ticket key: %v", err))
// Write the deprecated prefix at the beginning so we know we created
// it. This key with the DEPRECATED prefix isn't used as an actual
// session ticket key, and is only randomized in case the application
// reuses it for some reason.
copy(c.SessionTicketKey[:], deprecatedSessionTicketKey)
} else if !bytes.HasPrefix(c.SessionTicketKey[:], deprecatedSessionTicketKey) && len(c.sessionTicketKeys) == 0 {
c.sessionTicketKeys = []ticketKey{c.ticketKeyFromBytes(c.SessionTicketKey)}
// ticketKeys returns the ticketKeys for this connection.
// If configForClient has explicitly set keys, those will
// be returned. Otherwise, the keys on c will be used and
// may be rotated if auto-managed.
// During rotation, any expired session ticket keys are deleted from
// c.sessionTicketKeys. If the session ticket key that is currently
// encrypting tickets (ie. the first ticketKey in c.sessionTicketKeys)
// is not fresh, then a new session ticket key will be
// created and prepended to c.sessionTicketKeys.
func (c *Config) ticketKeys(configForClient *Config) []ticketKey {
// If the ConfigForClient callback returned a Config with explicitly set
// keys, use those, otherwise just use the original Config.
if configForClient != nil {
if configForClient.SessionTicketsDisabled {
return nil
if len(configForClient.sessionTicketKeys) != 0 {
ret := configForClient.sessionTicketKeys
return ret
defer c.mutex.RUnlock()
if c.SessionTicketsDisabled {
return nil
if len(c.sessionTicketKeys) != 0 {
return c.sessionTicketKeys
// Fast path for the common case where the key is fresh enough.
if len(c.autoSessionTicketKeys) > 0 && c.time().Sub(c.autoSessionTicketKeys[0].created) < ticketKeyRotation {
return c.autoSessionTicketKeys
// autoSessionTicketKeys are managed by auto-rotation.
defer c.mutex.RLock()
defer c.mutex.Unlock()
// Re-check the condition in case it changed since obtaining the new lock.
if len(c.autoSessionTicketKeys) == 0 || c.time().Sub(c.autoSessionTicketKeys[0].created) >= ticketKeyRotation {
var newKey [32]byte
if _, err := io.ReadFull(c.rand(), newKey[:]); err != nil {
panic(fmt.Sprintf("unable to generate random session ticket key: %v", err))
valid := make([]ticketKey, 0, len(c.autoSessionTicketKeys)+1)
valid = append(valid, c.ticketKeyFromBytes(newKey))
for _, k := range c.autoSessionTicketKeys {
// While rotating the current key, also remove any expired ones.
if c.time().Sub(k.created) < ticketKeyLifetime {
valid = append(valid, k)
c.autoSessionTicketKeys = valid
return c.autoSessionTicketKeys
// SetSessionTicketKeys updates the session ticket keys for a server.
// The first key will be used when creating new tickets, while all keys can be
// used for decrypting tickets. It is safe to call this function while the
// server is running in order to rotate the session ticket keys. The function
// will panic if keys is empty.
// Calling this function will turn off automatic session ticket key rotation.
// If multiple servers are terminating connections for the same host they should
// all have the same session ticket keys. If the session ticket keys leaks,
// previously recorded and future TLS connections using those keys might be
// compromised.
func (c *Config) SetSessionTicketKeys(keys [][32]byte) {
if len(keys) == 0 {
panic("tls: keys must have at least one key")
newKeys := make([]ticketKey, len(keys))
for i, bytes := range keys {
newKeys[i] = c.ticketKeyFromBytes(bytes)
c.sessionTicketKeys = newKeys
func (c *Config) rand() io.Reader {
r := c.Rand
if r == nil {
return rand.Reader
return r
func (c *Config) time() time.Time {
t := c.Time
if t == nil {
t = time.Now
return t()
func (c *Config) cipherSuites() []uint16 {
s := c.CipherSuites
if s == nil {
s = defaultCipherSuites()
return s
var supportedVersions = []uint16{
func (c *Config) supportedVersions() []uint16 {
versions := make([]uint16, 0, len(supportedVersions))
for _, v := range supportedVersions {
if c != nil && c.MinVersion != 0 && v < c.MinVersion {
if c != nil && c.MaxVersion != 0 && v > c.MaxVersion {
versions = append(versions, v)
return versions
func (c *Config) maxSupportedVersion() uint16 {
supportedVersions := c.supportedVersions()
if len(supportedVersions) == 0 {
return 0
return supportedVersions[0]
// supportedVersionsFromMax returns a list of supported versions derived from a
// legacy maximum version value. Note that only versions supported by this
// library are returned. Any newer peer will use supportedVersions anyway.
func supportedVersionsFromMax(maxVersion uint16) []uint16 {
versions := make([]uint16, 0, len(supportedVersions))
for _, v := range supportedVersions {
if v > maxVersion {
versions = append(versions, v)
return versions
var defaultCurvePreferences = []CurveID{X25519, CurveP256, CurveP384, CurveP521}
func (c *Config) curvePreferences() []CurveID {
if c == nil || len(c.CurvePreferences) == 0 {
return defaultCurvePreferences
return c.CurvePreferences
func (c *Config) supportsCurve(curve CurveID) bool {
for _, cc := range c.curvePreferences() {
if cc == curve {
return true
return false
// mutualVersion returns the protocol version to use given the advertised
// versions of the peer. Priority is given to the peer preference order.
func (c *Config) mutualVersion(peerVersions []uint16) (uint16, bool) {
supportedVersions := c.supportedVersions()
for _, peerVersion := range peerVersions {
for _, v := range supportedVersions {
if v == peerVersion {
return v, true
return 0, false
var errNoCertificates = errors.New("tls: no certificates configured")
// getCertificate returns the best certificate for the given ClientHelloInfo,
// defaulting to the first element of c.Certificates.
func (c *Config) getCertificate(clientHello *ClientHelloInfo) (*Certificate, error) {
if c.GetCertificate != nil &&
(len(c.Certificates) == 0 || len(clientHello.ServerName) > 0) {
cert, err := c.GetCertificate(clientHello)
if cert != nil || err != nil {
return cert, err
if len(c.Certificates) == 0 {
return nil, errNoCertificates
if len(c.Certificates) == 1 {
// There's only one choice, so no point doing any work.
return &c.Certificates[0], nil
if c.NameToCertificate != nil {
name := strings.ToLower(clientHello.ServerName)
if cert, ok := c.NameToCertificate[name]; ok {
return cert, nil
if len(name) > 0 {
labels := strings.Split(name, ".")
labels[0] = "*"
wildcardName := strings.Join(labels, ".")
if cert, ok := c.NameToCertificate[wildcardName]; ok {
return cert, nil
for _, cert := range c.Certificates {
if err := clientHello.SupportsCertificate(&cert); err == nil {
return &cert, nil
// If nothing matches, return the first certificate.
return &c.Certificates[0], nil
// SupportsCertificate returns nil if the provided certificate is supported by
// the client that sent the ClientHello. Otherwise, it returns an error
// describing the reason for the incompatibility.
// If this ClientHelloInfo was passed to a GetConfigForClient or GetCertificate
// callback, this method will take into account the associated Config. Note that
// if GetConfigForClient returns a different Config, the change can't be
// accounted for by this method.
// This function will call x509.ParseCertificate unless c.Leaf is set, which can
// incur a significant performance cost.
func (chi *ClientHelloInfo) SupportsCertificate(c *Certificate) error {
// Note we don't currently support certificate_authorities nor
// signature_algorithms_cert, and don't check the algorithms of the
// signatures on the chain (which anyway are a SHOULD, see RFC 8446,
// Section
config := chi.config
if config == nil {
config = &Config{}
vers, ok := config.mutualVersion(chi.SupportedVersions)
if !ok {
return errors.New("no mutually supported protocol versions")
// If the client specified the name they are trying to connect to, the
// certificate needs to be valid for it.
if chi.ServerName != "" {
x509Cert, err := c.leaf()
if err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("failed to parse certificate: %w", err)
if err := x509Cert.VerifyHostname(chi.ServerName); err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("certificate is not valid for requested server name: %w", err)
// supportsRSAFallback returns nil if the certificate and connection support
// the static RSA key exchange, and unsupported otherwise. The logic for
// supporting static RSA is completely disjoint from the logic for
// supporting signed key exchanges, so we just check it as a fallback.
supportsRSAFallback := func(unsupported error) error {
// TLS 1.3 dropped support for the static RSA key exchange.
if vers == VersionTLS13 {
return unsupported
// The static RSA key exchange works by decrypting a challenge with the
// RSA private key, not by signing, so check the PrivateKey implements
// crypto.Decrypter, like *rsa.PrivateKey does.
if priv, ok := c.PrivateKey.(crypto.Decrypter); ok {
if _, ok := priv.Public().(*rsa.PublicKey); !ok {
return unsupported
} else {
return unsupported
// Finally, there needs to be a mutual cipher suite that uses the static
// RSA key exchange instead of ECDHE.
rsaCipherSuite := selectCipherSuite(chi.CipherSuites, config.cipherSuites(), func(c *cipherSuite) bool {
if c.flags&suiteECDHE != 0 {
return false
if vers < VersionTLS12 && c.flags&suiteTLS12 != 0 {
return false
return true
if rsaCipherSuite == nil {
return unsupported
return nil
// If the client sent the signature_algorithms extension, ensure it supports
// schemes we can use with this certificate and TLS version.
if len(chi.SignatureSchemes) > 0 {
if _, err := selectSignatureScheme(vers, c, chi.SignatureSchemes); err != nil {
return supportsRSAFallback(err)
// In TLS 1.3 we are done because supported_groups is only relevant to the
// ECDHE computation, point format negotiation is removed, cipher suites are
// only relevant to the AEAD choice, and static RSA does not exist.
if vers == VersionTLS13 {
return nil
// The only signed key exchange we support is ECDHE.
if !supportsECDHE(config, chi.SupportedCurves, chi.SupportedPoints) {
return supportsRSAFallback(errors.New("client doesn't support ECDHE, can only use legacy RSA key exchange"))
var ecdsaCipherSuite bool
if priv, ok := c.PrivateKey.(crypto.Signer); ok {
switch pub := priv.Public().(type) {
case *ecdsa.PublicKey:
var curve CurveID
switch pub.Curve {
case elliptic.P256():
curve = CurveP256
case elliptic.P384():
curve = CurveP384
case elliptic.P521():
curve = CurveP521
return supportsRSAFallback(unsupportedCertificateError(c))
var curveOk bool
for _, c := range chi.SupportedCurves {
if c == curve && config.supportsCurve(c) {
curveOk = true
if !curveOk {
return errors.New("client doesn't support certificate curve")
ecdsaCipherSuite = true
case ed25519.PublicKey:
if vers < VersionTLS12 || len(chi.SignatureSchemes) == 0 {
return errors.New("connection doesn't support Ed25519")
ecdsaCipherSuite = true
case *rsa.PublicKey:
return supportsRSAFallback(unsupportedCertificateError(c))
} else {
return supportsRSAFallback(unsupportedCertificateError(c))
// Make sure that there is a mutually supported cipher suite that works with
// this certificate. Cipher suite selection will then apply the logic in
// reverse to pick it. See also serverHandshakeState.cipherSuiteOk.
cipherSuite := selectCipherSuite(chi.CipherSuites, config.cipherSuites(), func(c *cipherSuite) bool {
if c.flags&suiteECDHE == 0 {
return false
if c.flags&suiteECSign != 0 {
if !ecdsaCipherSuite {
return false
} else {
if ecdsaCipherSuite {
return false
if vers < VersionTLS12 && c.flags&suiteTLS12 != 0 {
return false
return true
if cipherSuite == nil {
return supportsRSAFallback(errors.New("client doesn't support any cipher suites compatible with the certificate"))
return nil
// SupportsCertificate returns nil if the provided certificate is supported by
// the server that sent the CertificateRequest. Otherwise, it returns an error
// describing the reason for the incompatibility.
func (cri *CertificateRequestInfo) SupportsCertificate(c *Certificate) error {
if _, err := selectSignatureScheme(cri.Version, c, cri.SignatureSchemes); err != nil {
return err
if len(cri.AcceptableCAs) == 0 {
return nil
for j, cert := range c.Certificate {
x509Cert := c.Leaf
// Parse the certificate if this isn't the leaf node, or if
// chain.Leaf was nil.
if j != 0 || x509Cert == nil {
var err error
if x509Cert, err = x509.ParseCertificate(cert); err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("failed to parse certificate #%d in the chain: %w", j, err)
for _, ca := range cri.AcceptableCAs {
if bytes.Equal(x509Cert.RawIssuer, ca) {
return nil
return errors.New("chain is not signed by an acceptable CA")
// BuildNameToCertificate parses c.Certificates and builds c.NameToCertificate
// from the CommonName and SubjectAlternateName fields of each of the leaf
// certificates.
// Deprecated: NameToCertificate only allows associating a single certificate
// with a given name. Leave that field nil to let the library select the first
// compatible chain from Certificates.
func (c *Config) BuildNameToCertificate() {
c.NameToCertificate = make(map[string]*Certificate)
for i := range c.Certificates {
cert := &c.Certificates[i]
x509Cert, err := cert.leaf()
if err != nil {
if len(x509Cert.Subject.CommonName) > 0 {
c.NameToCertificate[x509Cert.Subject.CommonName] = cert
for _, san := range x509Cert.DNSNames {
c.NameToCertificate[san] = cert
const (
keyLogLabelTLS12 = "CLIENT_RANDOM"
keyLogLabelClientTraffic = "CLIENT_TRAFFIC_SECRET_0"
keyLogLabelServerTraffic = "SERVER_TRAFFIC_SECRET_0"
func (c *Config) writeKeyLog(label string, clientRandom, secret []byte) error {
if c.KeyLogWriter == nil {
return nil
logLine := []byte(fmt.Sprintf("%s %x %x\n", label, clientRandom, secret))
_, err := c.KeyLogWriter.Write(logLine)
return err
// writerMutex protects all KeyLogWriters globally. It is rarely enabled,
// and is only for debugging, so a global mutex saves space.
var writerMutex sync.Mutex
// A Certificate is a chain of one or more certificates, leaf first.
type Certificate struct {
Certificate [][]byte
// PrivateKey contains the private key corresponding to the public key in
// Leaf. This must implement crypto.Signer with an RSA, ECDSA or Ed25519 PublicKey.
// For a server up to TLS 1.2, it can also implement crypto.Decrypter with
// an RSA PublicKey.
PrivateKey crypto.PrivateKey
// SupportedSignatureAlgorithms is an optional list restricting what
// signature algorithms the PrivateKey can be used for.
SupportedSignatureAlgorithms []SignatureScheme
// OCSPStaple contains an optional OCSP response which will be served
// to clients that request it.
OCSPStaple []byte
// SignedCertificateTimestamps contains an optional list of Signed
// Certificate Timestamps which will be served to clients that request it.
SignedCertificateTimestamps [][]byte
// Leaf is the parsed form of the leaf certificate, which may be initialized
// using x509.ParseCertificate to reduce per-handshake processing. If nil,
// the leaf certificate will be parsed as needed.
Leaf *x509.Certificate
// leaf returns the parsed leaf certificate, either from c.Leaf or by parsing
// the corresponding c.Certificate[0].
func (c *Certificate) leaf() (*x509.Certificate, error) {
if c.Leaf != nil {
return c.Leaf, nil
return x509.ParseCertificate(c.Certificate[0])
type handshakeMessage interface {
marshal() []byte
unmarshal([]byte) bool
// lruSessionCache is a ClientSessionCache implementation that uses an LRU
// caching strategy.
type lruSessionCache struct {
m map[string]*list.Element
q *list.List
capacity int
type lruSessionCacheEntry struct {
sessionKey string
state *ClientSessionState
// NewLRUClientSessionCache returns a ClientSessionCache with the given
// capacity that uses an LRU strategy. If capacity is < 1, a default capacity
// is used instead.
func NewLRUClientSessionCache(capacity int) ClientSessionCache {
const defaultSessionCacheCapacity = 64
if capacity < 1 {
capacity = defaultSessionCacheCapacity
return &lruSessionCache{
m: make(map[string]*list.Element),
q: list.New(),
capacity: capacity,
// Put adds the provided (sessionKey, cs) pair to the cache. If cs is nil, the entry
// corresponding to sessionKey is removed from the cache instead.
func (c *lruSessionCache) Put(sessionKey string, cs *ClientSessionState) {
defer c.Unlock()
if elem, ok := c.m[sessionKey]; ok {
if cs == nil {
delete(c.m, sessionKey)
} else {
entry := elem.Value.(*lruSessionCacheEntry)
entry.state = cs
if c.q.Len() < c.capacity {
entry := &lruSessionCacheEntry{sessionKey, cs}
c.m[sessionKey] = c.q.PushFront(entry)
elem := c.q.Back()
entry := elem.Value.(*lruSessionCacheEntry)
delete(c.m, entry.sessionKey)
entry.sessionKey = sessionKey
entry.state = cs
c.m[sessionKey] = elem
// Get returns the ClientSessionState value associated with a given key. It
// returns (nil, false) if no value is found.
func (c *lruSessionCache) Get(sessionKey string) (*ClientSessionState, bool) {
defer c.Unlock()
if elem, ok := c.m[sessionKey]; ok {
return elem.Value.(*lruSessionCacheEntry).state, true
return nil, false
var emptyConfig Config
func defaultConfig() *Config {
return &emptyConfig
var (
once sync.Once
varDefaultCipherSuites []uint16
varDefaultCipherSuitesTLS13 []uint16
func defaultCipherSuites() []uint16 {
return varDefaultCipherSuites
func defaultCipherSuitesTLS13() []uint16 {
return varDefaultCipherSuitesTLS13
func initDefaultCipherSuites() {
var topCipherSuites []uint16
// Check the cpu flags for each platform that has optimized GCM implementations.
// Worst case, these variables will just all be false.
var (
hasGCMAsmAMD64 = cpu.X86.HasAES && cpu.X86.HasPCLMULQDQ
hasGCMAsmARM64 = cpu.ARM64.HasAES && cpu.ARM64.HasPMULL
// Keep in sync with crypto/aes/cipher_s390x.go.
hasGCMAsmS390X = cpu.S390X.HasAES && cpu.S390X.HasAESCBC && cpu.S390X.HasAESCTR && (cpu.S390X.HasGHASH || cpu.S390X.HasAESGCM)
hasGCMAsm = hasGCMAsmAMD64 || hasGCMAsmARM64 || hasGCMAsmS390X
if hasGCMAsm {
// If AES-GCM hardware is provided then prioritise AES-GCM
// cipher suites.
topCipherSuites = []uint16{
varDefaultCipherSuitesTLS13 = []uint16{
} else {
// Without AES-GCM hardware, we put the ChaCha20-Poly1305
// cipher suites first.
topCipherSuites = []uint16{
varDefaultCipherSuitesTLS13 = []uint16{
varDefaultCipherSuites = make([]uint16, 0, len(cipherSuites))
varDefaultCipherSuites = append(varDefaultCipherSuites, topCipherSuites...)
for _, suite := range cipherSuites {
if suite.flags&suiteDefaultOff != 0 {
for _, existing := range varDefaultCipherSuites {
if existing == {
continue NextCipherSuite
varDefaultCipherSuites = append(varDefaultCipherSuites,
func unexpectedMessageError(wanted, got interface{}) error {
return fmt.Errorf("tls: received unexpected handshake message of type %T when waiting for %T", got, wanted)
func isSupportedSignatureAlgorithm(sigAlg SignatureScheme, supportedSignatureAlgorithms []SignatureScheme) bool {
for _, s := range supportedSignatureAlgorithms {
if s == sigAlg {
return true
return false