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// Copyright 2011 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
// +build aix darwin netbsd openbsd plan9 solaris windows
package runtime
import (
"runtime/internal/atomic"
"unsafe"
)
// This implementation depends on OS-specific implementations of
//
// func semacreate(mp *m)
// Create a semaphore for mp, if it does not already have one.
//
// func semasleep(ns int64) int32
// If ns < 0, acquire m's semaphore and return 0.
// If ns >= 0, try to acquire m's semaphore for at most ns nanoseconds.
// Return 0 if the semaphore was acquired, -1 if interrupted or timed out.
//
// func semawakeup(mp *m)
// Wake up mp, which is or will soon be sleeping on its semaphore.
//
const (
locked uintptr = 1
active_spin = 4
active_spin_cnt = 30
passive_spin = 1
)
func lock(l *mutex) {
lockWithRank(l, getLockRank(l))
}
func lock2(l *mutex) {
gp := getg()
if gp.m.locks < 0 {
throw("runtimeĀ·lock: lock count")
}
gp.m.locks++
// Speculative grab for lock.
if atomic.Casuintptr(&l.key, 0, locked) {
return
}
semacreate(gp.m)
// On uniprocessor's, no point spinning.
// On multiprocessors, spin for ACTIVE_SPIN attempts.
spin := 0
if ncpu > 1 {
spin = active_spin
}
Loop:
for i := 0; ; i++ {
v := atomic.Loaduintptr(&l.key)
if v&locked == 0 {
// Unlocked. Try to lock.
if atomic.Casuintptr(&l.key, v, v|locked) {
return
}
i = 0
}
if i < spin {
procyield(active_spin_cnt)
} else if i < spin+passive_spin {
osyield()
} else {
// Someone else has it.
// l->waitm points to a linked list of M's waiting
// for this lock, chained through m->nextwaitm.
// Queue this M.
for {
gp.m.nextwaitm = muintptr(v &^ locked)
if atomic.Casuintptr(&l.key, v, uintptr(unsafe.Pointer(gp.m))|locked) {
break
}
v = atomic.Loaduintptr(&l.key)
if v&locked == 0 {
continue Loop
}
}
if v&locked != 0 {
// Queued. Wait.
semasleep(-1)
i = 0
}
}
}
}
func unlock(l *mutex) {
lockRankRelease(l)
}
//go:nowritebarrier
// We might not be holding a p in this code.
func unlock2(l *mutex) {
gp := getg()
var mp *m
for {
v := atomic.Loaduintptr(&l.key)
if v == locked {
if atomic.Casuintptr(&l.key, locked, 0) {
break
}
} else {
// Other M's are waiting for the lock.
// Dequeue an M.
mp = muintptr(v &^ locked).ptr()
if atomic.Casuintptr(&l.key, v, uintptr(mp.nextwaitm)) {
// Dequeued an M. Wake it.
semawakeup(mp)
break
}
}
}
gp.m.locks--
if gp.m.locks < 0 {
throw("runtimeĀ·unlock: lock count")
}
if gp.m.locks == 0 && gp.preempt { // restore the preemption request in case we've cleared it in newstack
gp.stackguard0 = stackPreempt
}
}
// One-time notifications.
func noteclear(n *note) {
if GOOS == "aix" {
// On AIX, semaphores might not synchronize the memory in some
// rare cases. See issue #30189.
atomic.Storeuintptr(&n.key, 0)
} else {
n.key = 0
}
}
func notewakeup(n *note) {
var v uintptr
for {
v = atomic.Loaduintptr(&n.key)
if atomic.Casuintptr(&n.key, v, locked) {
break
}
}
// Successfully set waitm to locked.
// What was it before?
switch {
case v == 0:
// Nothing was waiting. Done.
case v == locked:
// Two notewakeups! Not allowed.
throw("notewakeup - double wakeup")
default:
// Must be the waiting m. Wake it up.
semawakeup((*m)(unsafe.Pointer(v)))
}
}
func notesleep(n *note) {
gp := getg()
if gp != gp.m.g0 {
throw("notesleep not on g0")
}
semacreate(gp.m)
if !atomic.Casuintptr(&n.key, 0, uintptr(unsafe.Pointer(gp.m))) {
// Must be locked (got wakeup).
if n.key != locked {
throw("notesleep - waitm out of sync")
}
return
}
// Queued. Sleep.
gp.m.blocked = true
if *cgo_yield == nil {
semasleep(-1)
} else {
// Sleep for an arbitrary-but-moderate interval to poll libc interceptors.
const ns = 10e6
for atomic.Loaduintptr(&n.key) == 0 {
semasleep(ns)
asmcgocall(*cgo_yield, nil)
}
}
gp.m.blocked = false
}
//go:nosplit
func notetsleep_internal(n *note, ns int64, gp *g, deadline int64) bool {
// gp and deadline are logically local variables, but they are written
// as parameters so that the stack space they require is charged
// to the caller.
// This reduces the nosplit footprint of notetsleep_internal.
gp = getg()
// Register for wakeup on n->waitm.
if !atomic.Casuintptr(&n.key, 0, uintptr(unsafe.Pointer(gp.m))) {
// Must be locked (got wakeup).
if n.key != locked {
throw("notetsleep - waitm out of sync")
}
return true
}
if ns < 0 {
// Queued. Sleep.
gp.m.blocked = true
if *cgo_yield == nil {
semasleep(-1)
} else {
// Sleep in arbitrary-but-moderate intervals to poll libc interceptors.
const ns = 10e6
for semasleep(ns) < 0 {
asmcgocall(*cgo_yield, nil)
}
}
gp.m.blocked = false
return true
}
deadline = nanotime() + ns
for {
// Registered. Sleep.
gp.m.blocked = true
if *cgo_yield != nil && ns > 10e6 {
ns = 10e6
}
if semasleep(ns) >= 0 {
gp.m.blocked = false
// Acquired semaphore, semawakeup unregistered us.
// Done.
return true
}
if *cgo_yield != nil {
asmcgocall(*cgo_yield, nil)
}
gp.m.blocked = false
// Interrupted or timed out. Still registered. Semaphore not acquired.
ns = deadline - nanotime()
if ns <= 0 {
break
}
// Deadline hasn't arrived. Keep sleeping.
}
// Deadline arrived. Still registered. Semaphore not acquired.
// Want to give up and return, but have to unregister first,
// so that any notewakeup racing with the return does not
// try to grant us the semaphore when we don't expect it.
for {
v := atomic.Loaduintptr(&n.key)
switch v {
case uintptr(unsafe.Pointer(gp.m)):
// No wakeup yet; unregister if possible.
if atomic.Casuintptr(&n.key, v, 0) {
return false
}
case locked:
// Wakeup happened so semaphore is available.
// Grab it to avoid getting out of sync.
gp.m.blocked = true
if semasleep(-1) < 0 {
throw("runtime: unable to acquire - semaphore out of sync")
}
gp.m.blocked = false
return true
default:
throw("runtime: unexpected waitm - semaphore out of sync")
}
}
}
func notetsleep(n *note, ns int64) bool {
gp := getg()
if gp != gp.m.g0 {
throw("notetsleep not on g0")
}
semacreate(gp.m)
return notetsleep_internal(n, ns, nil, 0)
}
// same as runtimeĀ·notetsleep, but called on user g (not g0)
// calls only nosplit functions between entersyscallblock/exitsyscall
func notetsleepg(n *note, ns int64) bool {
gp := getg()
if gp == gp.m.g0 {
throw("notetsleepg on g0")
}
semacreate(gp.m)
entersyscallblock()
ok := notetsleep_internal(n, ns, nil, 0)
exitsyscall()
return ok
}
func beforeIdle(int64) bool {
return false
}
func checkTimeouts() {}