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// Copyright 2020 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
// Package execabs is a drop-in replacement for os/exec
// that requires PATH lookups to find absolute paths.
// That is, execabs.Command("cmd") runs the same PATH lookup
// as exec.Command("cmd"), but if the result is a path
// which is relative, the Run and Start methods will report
// an error instead of running the executable.
// See for more information
// about when it may be necessary or appropriate to use this package.
package execabs
import (
// ErrNotFound is the error resulting if a path search failed to find an executable file.
// It is an alias for exec.ErrNotFound.
var ErrNotFound = exec.ErrNotFound
// Cmd represents an external command being prepared or run.
// It is an alias for exec.Cmd.
type Cmd = exec.Cmd
// Error is returned by LookPath when it fails to classify a file as an executable.
// It is an alias for exec.Error.
type Error = exec.Error
// An ExitError reports an unsuccessful exit by a command.
// It is an alias for exec.ExitError.
type ExitError = exec.ExitError
func relError(file, path string) error {
return fmt.Errorf("%s resolves to executable in current directory (.%c%s)", file, filepath.Separator, path)
// LookPath searches for an executable named file in the directories
// named by the PATH environment variable. If file contains a slash,
// it is tried directly and the PATH is not consulted. The result will be
// an absolute path.
// LookPath differs from exec.LookPath in its handling of PATH lookups,
// which are used for file names without slashes. If exec.LookPath's
// PATH lookup would have returned an executable from the current directory,
// LookPath instead returns an error.
func LookPath(file string) (string, error) {
path, err := exec.LookPath(file)
if err != nil {
return "", err
if filepath.Base(file) == file && !filepath.IsAbs(path) {
return "", relError(file, path)
return path, nil
func fixCmd(name string, cmd *exec.Cmd) {
if filepath.Base(name) == name && !filepath.IsAbs(cmd.Path) {
// exec.Command was called with a bare binary name and
// exec.LookPath returned a path which is not absolute.
// Set cmd.lookPathErr and clear cmd.Path so that it
// cannot be run.
lookPathErr := (*error)(unsafe.Pointer(reflect.ValueOf(cmd).Elem().FieldByName("lookPathErr").Addr().Pointer()))
if *lookPathErr == nil {
*lookPathErr = relError(name, cmd.Path)
cmd.Path = ""
// CommandContext is like Command but includes a context.
// The provided context is used to kill the process (by calling os.Process.Kill)
// if the context becomes done before the command completes on its own.
func CommandContext(ctx context.Context, name string, arg ...string) *exec.Cmd {
cmd := exec.CommandContext(ctx, name, arg...)
fixCmd(name, cmd)
return cmd
// Command returns the Cmd struct to execute the named program with the given arguments.
// See exec.Command for most details.
// Command differs from exec.Command in its handling of PATH lookups,
// which are used when the program name contains no slashes.
// If exec.Command would have returned an exec.Cmd configured to run an
// executable from the current directory, Command instead
// returns an exec.Cmd that will return an error from Start or Run.
func Command(name string, arg ...string) *exec.Cmd {
cmd := exec.Command(name, arg...)
fixCmd(name, cmd)
return cmd