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// Copyright 2009,2010 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
// Darwin system calls.
// This file is compiled as ordinary Go code,
// but it is also input to mksyscall,
// which parses the //sys lines and generates system call stubs.
// Note that sometimes we use a lowercase //sys name and wrap
// it in our own nicer implementation, either here or in
// syscall_bsd.go or syscall_unix.go.
package unix
import (
// SockaddrDatalink implements the Sockaddr interface for AF_LINK type sockets.
type SockaddrDatalink struct {
Len uint8
Family uint8
Index uint16
Type uint8
Nlen uint8
Alen uint8
Slen uint8
Data [12]int8
raw RawSockaddrDatalink
// SockaddrCtl implements the Sockaddr interface for AF_SYSTEM type sockets.
type SockaddrCtl struct {
ID uint32
Unit uint32
raw RawSockaddrCtl
func (sa *SockaddrCtl) sockaddr() (unsafe.Pointer, _Socklen, error) {
sa.raw.Sc_len = SizeofSockaddrCtl
sa.raw.Sc_family = AF_SYSTEM
sa.raw.Ss_sysaddr = AF_SYS_CONTROL
sa.raw.Sc_id = sa.ID
sa.raw.Sc_unit = sa.Unit
return unsafe.Pointer(&sa.raw), SizeofSockaddrCtl, nil
func anyToSockaddrGOOS(fd int, rsa *RawSockaddrAny) (Sockaddr, error) {
switch rsa.Addr.Family {
pp := (*RawSockaddrCtl)(unsafe.Pointer(rsa))
if pp.Ss_sysaddr == AF_SYS_CONTROL {
sa := new(SockaddrCtl)
sa.ID = pp.Sc_id
sa.Unit = pp.Sc_unit
return sa, nil
return nil, EAFNOSUPPORT
// Some external packages rely on SYS___SYSCTL being defined to implement their
// own sysctl wrappers. Provide it here, even though direct syscalls are no
// longer supported on darwin.
// Translate "kern.hostname" to []_C_int{0,1,2,3}.
func nametomib(name string) (mib []_C_int, err error) {
const siz = unsafe.Sizeof(mib[0])
// NOTE(rsc): It seems strange to set the buffer to have
// size CTL_MAXNAME+2 but use only CTL_MAXNAME
// as the size. I don't know why the +2 is here, but the
// kernel uses +2 for its own implementation of this function.
// I am scared that if we don't include the +2 here, the kernel
// will silently write 2 words farther than we specify
// and we'll get memory corruption.
var buf [CTL_MAXNAME + 2]_C_int
n := uintptr(CTL_MAXNAME) * siz
p := (*byte)(unsafe.Pointer(&buf[0]))
bytes, err := ByteSliceFromString(name)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
// Magic sysctl: "setting" 0.3 to a string name
// lets you read back the array of integers form.
if err = sysctl([]_C_int{0, 3}, p, &n, &bytes[0], uintptr(len(name))); err != nil {
return nil, err
return buf[0 : n/siz], nil
func direntIno(buf []byte) (uint64, bool) {
return readInt(buf, unsafe.Offsetof(Dirent{}.Ino), unsafe.Sizeof(Dirent{}.Ino))
func direntReclen(buf []byte) (uint64, bool) {
return readInt(buf, unsafe.Offsetof(Dirent{}.Reclen), unsafe.Sizeof(Dirent{}.Reclen))
func direntNamlen(buf []byte) (uint64, bool) {
return readInt(buf, unsafe.Offsetof(Dirent{}.Namlen), unsafe.Sizeof(Dirent{}.Namlen))
func PtraceAttach(pid int) (err error) { return ptrace(PT_ATTACH, pid, 0, 0) }
func PtraceDetach(pid int) (err error) { return ptrace(PT_DETACH, pid, 0, 0) }
type attrList struct {
bitmapCount uint16
_ uint16
CommonAttr uint32
VolAttr uint32
DirAttr uint32
FileAttr uint32
Forkattr uint32
//sysnb pipe(p *[2]int32) (err error)
func Pipe(p []int) (err error) {
if len(p) != 2 {
return EINVAL
var x [2]int32
err = pipe(&x)
p[0] = int(x[0])
p[1] = int(x[1])
func Getfsstat(buf []Statfs_t, flags int) (n int, err error) {
var _p0 unsafe.Pointer
var bufsize uintptr
if len(buf) > 0 {
_p0 = unsafe.Pointer(&buf[0])
bufsize = unsafe.Sizeof(Statfs_t{}) * uintptr(len(buf))
return getfsstat(_p0, bufsize, flags)
func xattrPointer(dest []byte) *byte {
// It's only when dest is set to NULL that the OS X implementations of
// getxattr() and listxattr() return the current sizes of the named attributes.
// An empty byte array is not sufficient. To maintain the same behaviour as the
// linux implementation, we wrap around the system calls and pass in NULL when
// dest is empty.
var destp *byte
if len(dest) > 0 {
destp = &dest[0]
return destp
//sys getxattr(path string, attr string, dest *byte, size int, position uint32, options int) (sz int, err error)
func Getxattr(path string, attr string, dest []byte) (sz int, err error) {
return getxattr(path, attr, xattrPointer(dest), len(dest), 0, 0)
func Lgetxattr(link string, attr string, dest []byte) (sz int, err error) {
return getxattr(link, attr, xattrPointer(dest), len(dest), 0, XATTR_NOFOLLOW)
//sys fgetxattr(fd int, attr string, dest *byte, size int, position uint32, options int) (sz int, err error)
func Fgetxattr(fd int, attr string, dest []byte) (sz int, err error) {
return fgetxattr(fd, attr, xattrPointer(dest), len(dest), 0, 0)
//sys setxattr(path string, attr string, data *byte, size int, position uint32, options int) (err error)
func Setxattr(path string, attr string, data []byte, flags int) (err error) {
// The parameters for the OS X implementation vary slightly compared to the
// linux system call, specifically the position parameter:
// linux:
// int setxattr(
// const char *path,
// const char *name,
// const void *value,
// size_t size,
// int flags
// );
// darwin:
// int setxattr(
// const char *path,
// const char *name,
// void *value,
// size_t size,
// u_int32_t position,
// int options
// );
// position specifies the offset within the extended attribute. In the
// current implementation, only the resource fork extended attribute makes
// use of this argument. For all others, position is reserved. We simply
// default to setting it to zero.
return setxattr(path, attr, xattrPointer(data), len(data), 0, flags)
func Lsetxattr(link string, attr string, data []byte, flags int) (err error) {
return setxattr(link, attr, xattrPointer(data), len(data), 0, flags|XATTR_NOFOLLOW)
//sys fsetxattr(fd int, attr string, data *byte, size int, position uint32, options int) (err error)
func Fsetxattr(fd int, attr string, data []byte, flags int) (err error) {
return fsetxattr(fd, attr, xattrPointer(data), len(data), 0, 0)
//sys removexattr(path string, attr string, options int) (err error)
func Removexattr(path string, attr string) (err error) {
// We wrap around and explicitly zero out the options provided to the OS X
// implementation of removexattr, we do so for interoperability with the
// linux variant.
return removexattr(path, attr, 0)
func Lremovexattr(link string, attr string) (err error) {
return removexattr(link, attr, XATTR_NOFOLLOW)
//sys fremovexattr(fd int, attr string, options int) (err error)
func Fremovexattr(fd int, attr string) (err error) {
return fremovexattr(fd, attr, 0)
//sys listxattr(path string, dest *byte, size int, options int) (sz int, err error)
func Listxattr(path string, dest []byte) (sz int, err error) {
return listxattr(path, xattrPointer(dest), len(dest), 0)
func Llistxattr(link string, dest []byte) (sz int, err error) {
return listxattr(link, xattrPointer(dest), len(dest), XATTR_NOFOLLOW)
//sys flistxattr(fd int, dest *byte, size int, options int) (sz int, err error)
func Flistxattr(fd int, dest []byte) (sz int, err error) {
return flistxattr(fd, xattrPointer(dest), len(dest), 0)
func setattrlistTimes(path string, times []Timespec, flags int) error {
_p0, err := BytePtrFromString(path)
if err != nil {
return err
var attrList attrList
attrList.bitmapCount = ATTR_BIT_MAP_COUNT
// order is mtime, atime: the opposite of Chtimes
attributes := [2]Timespec{times[1], times[0]}
options := 0
if flags&AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW != 0 {
return setattrlist(
//sys setattrlist(path *byte, list unsafe.Pointer, buf unsafe.Pointer, size uintptr, options int) (err error)
func utimensat(dirfd int, path string, times *[2]Timespec, flags int) error {
// Darwin doesn't support SYS_UTIMENSAT
return ENOSYS
* Wrapped
//sys fcntl(fd int, cmd int, arg int) (val int, err error)
//sys kill(pid int, signum int, posix int) (err error)
func Kill(pid int, signum syscall.Signal) (err error) { return kill(pid, int(signum), 1) }
//sys ioctl(fd int, req uint, arg uintptr) (err error)
func IoctlCtlInfo(fd int, ctlInfo *CtlInfo) error {
err := ioctl(fd, CTLIOCGINFO, uintptr(unsafe.Pointer(ctlInfo)))
return err
// IfreqMTU is struct ifreq used to get or set a network device's MTU.
type IfreqMTU struct {
Name [IFNAMSIZ]byte
MTU int32
// IoctlGetIfreqMTU performs the SIOCGIFMTU ioctl operation on fd to get the MTU
// of the network device specified by ifname.
func IoctlGetIfreqMTU(fd int, ifname string) (*IfreqMTU, error) {
var ifreq IfreqMTU
copy(ifreq.Name[:], ifname)
err := ioctl(fd, SIOCGIFMTU, uintptr(unsafe.Pointer(&ifreq)))
return &ifreq, err
// IoctlSetIfreqMTU performs the SIOCSIFMTU ioctl operation on fd to set the MTU
// of the network device specified by ifreq.Name.
func IoctlSetIfreqMTU(fd int, ifreq *IfreqMTU) error {
err := ioctl(fd, SIOCSIFMTU, uintptr(unsafe.Pointer(ifreq)))
return err
//sys sysctl(mib []_C_int, old *byte, oldlen *uintptr, new *byte, newlen uintptr) (err error) = SYS_SYSCTL
func Uname(uname *Utsname) error {
mib := []_C_int{CTL_KERN, KERN_OSTYPE}
n := unsafe.Sizeof(uname.Sysname)
if err := sysctl(mib, &uname.Sysname[0], &n, nil, 0); err != nil {
return err
n = unsafe.Sizeof(uname.Nodename)
if err := sysctl(mib, &uname.Nodename[0], &n, nil, 0); err != nil {
return err
n = unsafe.Sizeof(uname.Release)
if err := sysctl(mib, &uname.Release[0], &n, nil, 0); err != nil {
return err
mib = []_C_int{CTL_KERN, KERN_VERSION}
n = unsafe.Sizeof(uname.Version)
if err := sysctl(mib, &uname.Version[0], &n, nil, 0); err != nil {
return err
// The version might have newlines or tabs in it, convert them to
// spaces.
for i, b := range uname.Version {
if b == '\n' || b == '\t' {
if i == len(uname.Version)-1 {
uname.Version[i] = 0
} else {
uname.Version[i] = ' '
mib = []_C_int{CTL_HW, HW_MACHINE}
n = unsafe.Sizeof(uname.Machine)
if err := sysctl(mib, &uname.Machine[0], &n, nil, 0); err != nil {
return err
return nil
func Sendfile(outfd int, infd int, offset *int64, count int) (written int, err error) {
if raceenabled {
var length = int64(count)
err = sendfile(infd, outfd, *offset, &length, nil, 0)
written = int(length)
// GetsockoptXucred is a getsockopt wrapper that returns an Xucred struct.
// The usual level and opt are SOL_LOCAL and LOCAL_PEERCRED, respectively.
func GetsockoptXucred(fd, level, opt int) (*Xucred, error) {
x := new(Xucred)
vallen := _Socklen(SizeofXucred)
err := getsockopt(fd, level, opt, unsafe.Pointer(x), &vallen)
return x, err
//sys sendfile(infd int, outfd int, offset int64, len *int64, hdtr unsafe.Pointer, flags int) (err error)
* Exposed directly
//sys Access(path string, mode uint32) (err error)
//sys Adjtime(delta *Timeval, olddelta *Timeval) (err error)
//sys Chdir(path string) (err error)
//sys Chflags(path string, flags int) (err error)
//sys Chmod(path string, mode uint32) (err error)
//sys Chown(path string, uid int, gid int) (err error)
//sys Chroot(path string) (err error)
//sys ClockGettime(clockid int32, time *Timespec) (err error)
//sys Close(fd int) (err error)
//sys Clonefile(src string, dst string, flags int) (err error)
//sys Clonefileat(srcDirfd int, src string, dstDirfd int, dst string, flags int) (err error)
//sys Dup(fd int) (nfd int, err error)
//sys Dup2(from int, to int) (err error)
//sys Exchangedata(path1 string, path2 string, options int) (err error)
//sys Exit(code int)
//sys Faccessat(dirfd int, path string, mode uint32, flags int) (err error)
//sys Fchdir(fd int) (err error)
//sys Fchflags(fd int, flags int) (err error)
//sys Fchmod(fd int, mode uint32) (err error)
//sys Fchmodat(dirfd int, path string, mode uint32, flags int) (err error)
//sys Fchown(fd int, uid int, gid int) (err error)
//sys Fchownat(dirfd int, path string, uid int, gid int, flags int) (err error)
//sys Fclonefileat(srcDirfd int, dstDirfd int, dst string, flags int) (err error)
//sys Flock(fd int, how int) (err error)
//sys Fpathconf(fd int, name int) (val int, err error)
//sys Fsync(fd int) (err error)
//sys Ftruncate(fd int, length int64) (err error)
//sys Getcwd(buf []byte) (n int, err error)
//sys Getdtablesize() (size int)
//sysnb Getegid() (egid int)
//sysnb Geteuid() (uid int)
//sysnb Getgid() (gid int)
//sysnb Getpgid(pid int) (pgid int, err error)
//sysnb Getpgrp() (pgrp int)
//sysnb Getpid() (pid int)
//sysnb Getppid() (ppid int)
//sys Getpriority(which int, who int) (prio int, err error)
//sysnb Getrlimit(which int, lim *Rlimit) (err error)
//sysnb Getrusage(who int, rusage *Rusage) (err error)
//sysnb Getsid(pid int) (sid int, err error)
//sysnb Gettimeofday(tp *Timeval) (err error)
//sysnb Getuid() (uid int)
//sysnb Issetugid() (tainted bool)
//sys Kqueue() (fd int, err error)
//sys Lchown(path string, uid int, gid int) (err error)
//sys Link(path string, link string) (err error)
//sys Linkat(pathfd int, path string, linkfd int, link string, flags int) (err error)
//sys Listen(s int, backlog int) (err error)
//sys Mkdir(path string, mode uint32) (err error)
//sys Mkdirat(dirfd int, path string, mode uint32) (err error)
//sys Mkfifo(path string, mode uint32) (err error)
//sys Mknod(path string, mode uint32, dev int) (err error)
//sys Open(path string, mode int, perm uint32) (fd int, err error)
//sys Openat(dirfd int, path string, mode int, perm uint32) (fd int, err error)
//sys Pathconf(path string, name int) (val int, err error)
//sys Pread(fd int, p []byte, offset int64) (n int, err error)
//sys Pwrite(fd int, p []byte, offset int64) (n int, err error)
//sys read(fd int, p []byte) (n int, err error)
//sys Readlink(path string, buf []byte) (n int, err error)
//sys Readlinkat(dirfd int, path string, buf []byte) (n int, err error)
//sys Rename(from string, to string) (err error)
//sys Renameat(fromfd int, from string, tofd int, to string) (err error)
//sys Revoke(path string) (err error)
//sys Rmdir(path string) (err error)
//sys Seek(fd int, offset int64, whence int) (newoffset int64, err error) = SYS_LSEEK
//sys Select(nfd int, r *FdSet, w *FdSet, e *FdSet, timeout *Timeval) (n int, err error)
//sys Setegid(egid int) (err error)
//sysnb Seteuid(euid int) (err error)
//sysnb Setgid(gid int) (err error)
//sys Setlogin(name string) (err error)
//sysnb Setpgid(pid int, pgid int) (err error)
//sys Setpriority(which int, who int, prio int) (err error)
//sys Setprivexec(flag int) (err error)
//sysnb Setregid(rgid int, egid int) (err error)
//sysnb Setreuid(ruid int, euid int) (err error)
//sysnb Setrlimit(which int, lim *Rlimit) (err error)
//sysnb Setsid() (pid int, err error)
//sysnb Settimeofday(tp *Timeval) (err error)
//sysnb Setuid(uid int) (err error)
//sys Symlink(path string, link string) (err error)
//sys Symlinkat(oldpath string, newdirfd int, newpath string) (err error)
//sys Sync() (err error)
//sys Truncate(path string, length int64) (err error)
//sys Umask(newmask int) (oldmask int)
//sys Undelete(path string) (err error)
//sys Unlink(path string) (err error)
//sys Unlinkat(dirfd int, path string, flags int) (err error)
//sys Unmount(path string, flags int) (err error)
//sys write(fd int, p []byte) (n int, err error)
//sys mmap(addr uintptr, length uintptr, prot int, flag int, fd int, pos int64) (ret uintptr, err error)
//sys munmap(addr uintptr, length uintptr) (err error)
//sys readlen(fd int, buf *byte, nbuf int) (n int, err error) = SYS_READ
//sys writelen(fd int, buf *byte, nbuf int) (n int, err error) = SYS_WRITE
* Unimplemented
// Profil
// Sigaction
// Sigprocmask
// Getlogin
// Sigpending
// Sigaltstack
// Ioctl
// Reboot
// Execve
// Vfork
// Sbrk
// Sstk
// Ovadvise
// Mincore
// Setitimer
// Swapon
// Select
// Sigsuspend
// Readv
// Writev
// Nfssvc
// Getfh
// Quotactl
// Mount
// Csops
// Waitid
// Add_profil
// Kdebug_trace
// Sigreturn
// Atsocket
// Kqueue_from_portset_np
// Kqueue_portset
// Getattrlist
// Setattrlist
// Getdirentriesattr
// Searchfs
// Delete
// Copyfile
// Watchevent
// Waitevent
// Modwatch
// Fsctl
// Initgroups
// Posix_spawn
// Nfsclnt
// Fhopen
// Minherit
// Semsys
// Msgsys
// Shmsys
// Semctl
// Semget
// Semop
// Msgctl
// Msgget
// Msgsnd
// Msgrcv
// Shmat
// Shmctl
// Shmdt
// Shmget
// Shm_open
// Shm_unlink
// Sem_open
// Sem_close
// Sem_unlink
// Sem_wait
// Sem_trywait
// Sem_post
// Sem_getvalue
// Sem_init
// Sem_destroy
// Open_extended
// Umask_extended
// Stat_extended
// Lstat_extended
// Fstat_extended
// Chmod_extended
// Fchmod_extended
// Access_extended
// Settid
// Gettid
// Setsgroups
// Getsgroups
// Setwgroups
// Getwgroups
// Mkfifo_extended
// Mkdir_extended
// Identitysvc
// Shared_region_check_np
// Shared_region_map_np
// __pthread_mutex_destroy
// __pthread_mutex_init
// __pthread_mutex_lock
// __pthread_mutex_trylock
// __pthread_mutex_unlock
// __pthread_cond_init
// __pthread_cond_destroy
// __pthread_cond_broadcast
// __pthread_cond_signal
// Setsid_with_pid
// __pthread_cond_timedwait
// Aio_fsync
// Aio_return
// Aio_suspend
// Aio_cancel
// Aio_error
// Aio_read
// Aio_write
// Lio_listio
// __pthread_cond_wait
// Iopolicysys
// __pthread_kill
// __pthread_sigmask
// __sigwait
// __disable_threadsignal
// __pthread_markcancel
// __pthread_canceled
// __semwait_signal
// Proc_info
// sendfile
// Stat64_extended
// Lstat64_extended
// Fstat64_extended
// __pthread_chdir
// __pthread_fchdir
// Audit
// Auditon
// Getauid
// Setauid
// Getaudit
// Setaudit
// Getaudit_addr
// Setaudit_addr
// Auditctl
// Bsdthread_create
// Bsdthread_terminate
// Stack_snapshot
// Bsdthread_register
// Workq_open
// Workq_ops
// __mac_execve
// __mac_syscall
// __mac_get_file
// __mac_set_file
// __mac_get_link
// __mac_set_link
// __mac_get_proc
// __mac_set_proc
// __mac_get_fd
// __mac_set_fd
// __mac_get_pid
// __mac_get_lcid
// __mac_get_lctx
// __mac_set_lctx
// Setlcid
// Read_nocancel
// Write_nocancel
// Open_nocancel
// Close_nocancel
// Wait4_nocancel
// Recvmsg_nocancel
// Sendmsg_nocancel
// Recvfrom_nocancel
// Accept_nocancel
// Fcntl_nocancel
// Select_nocancel
// Fsync_nocancel
// Connect_nocancel
// Sigsuspend_nocancel
// Readv_nocancel
// Writev_nocancel
// Sendto_nocancel
// Pread_nocancel
// Pwrite_nocancel
// Waitid_nocancel
// Poll_nocancel
// Msgsnd_nocancel
// Msgrcv_nocancel
// Sem_wait_nocancel
// Aio_suspend_nocancel
// __sigwait_nocancel
// __semwait_signal_nocancel
// __mac_mount
// __mac_get_mount
// __mac_getfsstat