reflect: switch MessageType.New to return Message

Most usages of New actually prefer to interact with the reflective view
rather than the native Go type. Thus, change New to return that instead.
This parallels reflect.New, which returns the reflective view
(i.e., reflect.Value) instead of native type (i.e., interface{}).
We make the equivalent change to KnownFields.NewMessage, List.NewMessage,
and Map.NewMessage for consistency.

Since this is a subtle change where the type system will not always
catch the changed type, this change was made by both changing the type
and renaming the function to NewXXX and manually looking at every usage
of the the function to ensure that the usage correctly operates
on either the native Go type or the reflective view of the type.
After the entire codebase was cleaned up, a rename was performed to convert
NewXXX back to New.

Change-Id: I153fef627b4bf0a427e4039ce0aaec52e20c7950
Reviewed-by: Damien Neil <>
55 files changed
tree: d31bf456a30c781382db42cfc9c1808320161ac4
  1. .gitignore
  2. .travis.yml
  9. cmd/
  10. encoding/
  11. go.mod
  12. go.sum
  13. internal/
  14. proto/
  15. protogen/
  16. reflect/
  17. regenerate.bash
  18. runtime/
  19. test.bash
  20. types/

Next Generation Go Protocol Buffers

WARNING: This repository is in active development. There are no guarantees about API stability. Breaking changes will occur until a stable release is made and announced.

This repository is for the development of the next major Go implementation of protocol buffers. This library makes breaking API changes relative to the existing Go protobuf library. Of particular note, this API aims to make protobuf reflection a first-class feature of the API and implements the protobuf ecosystem in terms of reflection.

Design Documents

List of relevant design documents:


We appreciate community contributions. See

Reporting Issues

Issues regarding the new API can be filed at Please use a APIv2: prefix in the title to make it clear that the issue is regarding the new API work.