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// Copyright 2009,2010 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
// Darwin system calls.
// This file is compiled as ordinary Go code,
// but it is also input to mksyscall,
// which parses the //sys lines and generates system call stubs.
// Note that sometimes we use a lowercase //sys name and wrap
// it in our own nicer implementation, either here or in
// syscall_bsd.go or syscall_unix.go.
package syscall
import (
type SockaddrDatalink struct {
Len uint8
Family uint8
Index uint16
Type uint8
Nlen uint8
Alen uint8
Slen uint8
Data [12]int8
raw RawSockaddrDatalink
// Translate "kern.hostname" to []_C_int{0,1,2,3}.
func nametomib(name string) (mib []_C_int, err error) {
const siz = unsafe.Sizeof(mib[0])
// NOTE(rsc): It seems strange to set the buffer to have
// size CTL_MAXNAME+2 but use only CTL_MAXNAME
// as the size. I don't know why the +2 is here, but the
// kernel uses +2 for its own implementation of this function.
// I am scared that if we don't include the +2 here, the kernel
// will silently write 2 words farther than we specify
// and we'll get memory corruption.
var buf [CTL_MAXNAME + 2]_C_int
n := uintptr(CTL_MAXNAME) * siz
p := (*byte)(unsafe.Pointer(&buf[0]))
bytes, err := ByteSliceFromString(name)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
// Magic sysctl: "setting" 0.3 to a string name
// lets you read back the array of integers form.
if err = sysctl([]_C_int{0, 3}, p, &n, &bytes[0], uintptr(len(name))); err != nil {
return nil, err
return buf[0 : n/siz], nil
func direntIno(buf []byte) (uint64, bool) {
return readInt(buf, unsafe.Offsetof(Dirent{}.Ino), unsafe.Sizeof(Dirent{}.Ino))
func direntReclen(buf []byte) (uint64, bool) {
return readInt(buf, unsafe.Offsetof(Dirent{}.Reclen), unsafe.Sizeof(Dirent{}.Reclen))
func direntNamlen(buf []byte) (uint64, bool) {
return readInt(buf, unsafe.Offsetof(Dirent{}.Namlen), unsafe.Sizeof(Dirent{}.Namlen))
func PtraceAttach(pid int) (err error) { return ptrace(PT_ATTACH, pid, 0, 0) }
func PtraceDetach(pid int) (err error) { return ptrace(PT_DETACH, pid, 0, 0) }
const (
attrBitMapCount = 5
attrCmnModtime = 0x00000400
attrCmnAcctime = 0x00001000
type attrList struct {
bitmapCount uint16
_ uint16
CommonAttr uint32
VolAttr uint32
DirAttr uint32
FileAttr uint32
Forkattr uint32
//sysnb pipe(p *[2]int32) (err error)
func Pipe(p []int) (err error) {
if len(p) != 2 {
return EINVAL
var q [2]int32
err = pipe(&q)
p[0] = int(q[0])
p[1] = int(q[1])
func Getfsstat(buf []Statfs_t, flags int) (n int, err error) {
var _p0 unsafe.Pointer
var bufsize uintptr
if len(buf) > 0 {
_p0 = unsafe.Pointer(&buf[0])
bufsize = unsafe.Sizeof(Statfs_t{}) * uintptr(len(buf))
r0, _, e1 := syscall(abi.FuncPCABI0(libc_getfsstat_trampoline), uintptr(_p0), bufsize, uintptr(flags))
n = int(r0)
if e1 != 0 {
err = e1
func libc_getfsstat_trampoline()
//go:cgo_import_dynamic libc_getfsstat getfsstat "/usr/lib/libSystem.B.dylib"
func setattrlistTimes(path string, times []Timespec) error {
_p0, err := BytePtrFromString(path)
if err != nil {
return err
var attrList attrList
attrList.bitmapCount = attrBitMapCount
attrList.CommonAttr = attrCmnModtime | attrCmnAcctime
// order is mtime, atime: the opposite of Chtimes
attributes := [2]Timespec{times[1], times[0]}
const options = 0
_, _, e1 := syscall6(
if e1 != 0 {
return e1
return nil
func libc_setattrlist_trampoline()
//go:cgo_import_dynamic libc_setattrlist setattrlist "/usr/lib/libSystem.B.dylib"
func utimensat(dirfd int, path string, times *[2]Timespec, flag int) error {
// Darwin doesn't support SYS_UTIMENSAT
return ENOSYS
* Wrapped
//sys kill(pid int, signum int, posix int) (err error)
func Kill(pid int, signum Signal) (err error) { return kill(pid, int(signum), 1) }
* Exposed directly
//sys Access(path string, mode uint32) (err error)
//sys Adjtime(delta *Timeval, olddelta *Timeval) (err error)
//sys Chdir(path string) (err error)
//sys Chflags(path string, flags int) (err error)
//sys Chmod(path string, mode uint32) (err error)
//sys Chown(path string, uid int, gid int) (err error)
//sys Chroot(path string) (err error)
//sys Close(fd int) (err error)
//sys closedir(dir uintptr) (err error)
//sys Dup(fd int) (nfd int, err error)
//sys Dup2(from int, to int) (err error)
//sys Exchangedata(path1 string, path2 string, options int) (err error)
//sys Fchdir(fd int) (err error)
//sys Fchflags(fd int, flags int) (err error)
//sys Fchmod(fd int, mode uint32) (err error)
//sys Fchown(fd int, uid int, gid int) (err error)
//sys Flock(fd int, how int) (err error)
//sys Fpathconf(fd int, name int) (val int, err error)
//sys Fsync(fd int) (err error)
// Fsync is not called for os.File.Sync(). Please see internal/poll/fd_fsync_darwin.go
//sys Ftruncate(fd int, length int64) (err error)
//sys Getdtablesize() (size int)
//sysnb Getegid() (egid int)
//sysnb Geteuid() (uid int)
//sysnb Getgid() (gid int)
//sysnb Getpgid(pid int) (pgid int, err error)
//sysnb Getpgrp() (pgrp int)
//sysnb Getpid() (pid int)
//sysnb Getppid() (ppid int)
//sys Getpriority(which int, who int) (prio int, err error)
//sysnb Getrlimit(which int, lim *Rlimit) (err error)
//sysnb Getrusage(who int, rusage *Rusage) (err error)
//sysnb Getsid(pid int) (sid int, err error)
//sysnb Getuid() (uid int)
//sysnb Issetugid() (tainted bool)
//sys Kqueue() (fd int, err error)
//sys Lchown(path string, uid int, gid int) (err error)
//sys Link(path string, link string) (err error)
//sys Listen(s int, backlog int) (err error)
//sys Mkdir(path string, mode uint32) (err error)
//sys Mkfifo(path string, mode uint32) (err error)
//sys Mknod(path string, mode uint32, dev int) (err error)
//sys Mlock(b []byte) (err error)
//sys Mlockall(flags int) (err error)
//sys Mprotect(b []byte, prot int) (err error)
//sys Munlock(b []byte) (err error)
//sys Munlockall() (err error)
//sys Open(path string, mode int, perm uint32) (fd int, err error)
//sys Pathconf(path string, name int) (val int, err error)
//sys Pread(fd int, p []byte, offset int64) (n int, err error)
//sys Pwrite(fd int, p []byte, offset int64) (n int, err error)
//sys read(fd int, p []byte) (n int, err error)
//sys readdir_r(dir uintptr, entry *Dirent, result **Dirent) (res Errno)
//sys Readlink(path string, buf []byte) (n int, err error)
//sys Rename(from string, to string) (err error)
//sys Revoke(path string) (err error)
//sys Rmdir(path string) (err error)
//sys Seek(fd int, offset int64, whence int) (newoffset int64, err error) = SYS_lseek
//sys Select(n int, r *FdSet, w *FdSet, e *FdSet, timeout *Timeval) (err error)
//sys Setegid(egid int) (err error)
//sysnb Seteuid(euid int) (err error)
//sysnb Setgid(gid int) (err error)
//sys Setlogin(name string) (err error)
//sysnb Setpgid(pid int, pgid int) (err error)
//sys Setpriority(which int, who int, prio int) (err error)
//sys Setprivexec(flag int) (err error)
//sysnb Setregid(rgid int, egid int) (err error)
//sysnb Setreuid(ruid int, euid int) (err error)
//sysnb Setrlimit(which int, lim *Rlimit) (err error)
//sysnb Setsid() (pid int, err error)
//sysnb Settimeofday(tp *Timeval) (err error)
//sysnb Setuid(uid int) (err error)
//sys Symlink(path string, link string) (err error)
//sys Sync() (err error)
//sys Truncate(path string, length int64) (err error)
//sys Umask(newmask int) (oldmask int)
//sys Undelete(path string) (err error)
//sys Unlink(path string) (err error)
//sys Unmount(path string, flags int) (err error)
//sys write(fd int, p []byte) (n int, err error)
//sys writev(fd int, iovecs []Iovec) (cnt uintptr, err error)
//sys mmap(addr uintptr, length uintptr, prot int, flag int, fd int, pos int64) (ret uintptr, err error)
//sys munmap(addr uintptr, length uintptr) (err error)
//sysnb fork() (pid int, err error)
//sysnb ioctl(fd int, req int, arg int) (err error)
//sysnb ioctlPtr(fd int, req uint, arg unsafe.Pointer) (err error) = SYS_ioctl
//sysnb execve(path *byte, argv **byte, envp **byte) (err error)
//sysnb exit(res int) (err error)
//sys sysctl(mib []_C_int, old *byte, oldlen *uintptr, new *byte, newlen uintptr) (err error)
//sys fcntlPtr(fd int, cmd int, arg unsafe.Pointer) (val int, err error) = SYS_fcntl
//sys unlinkat(fd int, path string, flags int) (err error)
//sys openat(fd int, path string, flags int, perm uint32) (fdret int, err error)
//sys getcwd(buf []byte) (n int, err error)
func init() {
execveDarwin = execve
func fdopendir(fd int) (dir uintptr, err error) {
r0, _, e1 := syscallPtr(abi.FuncPCABI0(libc_fdopendir_trampoline), uintptr(fd), 0, 0)
dir = uintptr(r0)
if e1 != 0 {
err = errnoErr(e1)
func libc_fdopendir_trampoline()
//go:cgo_import_dynamic libc_fdopendir fdopendir "/usr/lib/libSystem.B.dylib"
func readlen(fd int, buf *byte, nbuf int) (n int, err error) {
r0, _, e1 := syscall(abi.FuncPCABI0(libc_read_trampoline), uintptr(fd), uintptr(unsafe.Pointer(buf)), uintptr(nbuf))
n = int(r0)
if e1 != 0 {
err = errnoErr(e1)
func writelen(fd int, buf *byte, nbuf int) (n int, err error) {
r0, _, e1 := syscall(abi.FuncPCABI0(libc_write_trampoline), uintptr(fd), uintptr(unsafe.Pointer(buf)), uintptr(nbuf))
n = int(r0)
if e1 != 0 {
err = errnoErr(e1)
func Getdirentries(fd int, buf []byte, basep *uintptr) (n int, err error) {
// Simulate Getdirentries using fdopendir/readdir_r/closedir.
// We store the number of entries to skip in the seek
// offset of fd. See issue #31368.
// It's not the full required semantics, but should handle the case
// of calling Getdirentries or ReadDirent repeatedly.
// It won't handle assigning the results of lseek to *basep, or handle
// the directory being edited underfoot.
skip, err := Seek(fd, 0, 1 /* SEEK_CUR */)
if err != nil {
return 0, err
// We need to duplicate the incoming file descriptor
// because the caller expects to retain control of it, but
// fdopendir expects to take control of its argument.
// Just Dup'ing the file descriptor is not enough, as the
// result shares underlying state. Use openat to make a really
// new file descriptor referring to the same directory.
fd2, err := openat(fd, ".", O_RDONLY, 0)
if err != nil {
return 0, err
d, err := fdopendir(fd2)
if err != nil {
return 0, err
defer closedir(d)
var cnt int64
for {
var entry Dirent
var entryp *Dirent
e := readdir_r(d, &entry, &entryp)
if e != 0 {
return n, errnoErr(e)
if entryp == nil {
if skip > 0 {
reclen := int(entry.Reclen)
if reclen > len(buf) {
// Not enough room. Return for now.
// The counter will let us know where we should start up again.
// Note: this strategy for suspending in the middle and
// restarting is O(n^2) in the length of the directory. Oh well.
// Copy entry into return buffer.
s := struct {
ptr unsafe.Pointer
siz int
cap int
}{ptr: unsafe.Pointer(&entry), siz: reclen, cap: reclen}
copy(buf, *(*[]byte)(unsafe.Pointer(&s)))
buf = buf[reclen:]
n += reclen
// Set the seek offset of the input fd to record
// how many files we've already returned.
_, err = Seek(fd, cnt, 0 /* SEEK_SET */)
if err != nil {
return n, err
return n, nil
// Implemented in the runtime package (runtime/sys_darwin.go)
func syscall(fn, a1, a2, a3 uintptr) (r1, r2 uintptr, err Errno)
func syscall6(fn, a1, a2, a3, a4, a5, a6 uintptr) (r1, r2 uintptr, err Errno)
func syscall6X(fn, a1, a2, a3, a4, a5, a6 uintptr) (r1, r2 uintptr, err Errno)
func rawSyscall(fn, a1, a2, a3 uintptr) (r1, r2 uintptr, err Errno)
func rawSyscall6(fn, a1, a2, a3, a4, a5, a6 uintptr) (r1, r2 uintptr, err Errno)
func syscallPtr(fn, a1, a2, a3 uintptr) (r1, r2 uintptr, err Errno)