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// Copyright 2013 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
package rsa
import (
_ "crypto/md5"
func TestEMSAPSS(t *testing.T) {
// Test vector in file pss-int.txt from:
msg := []byte{
0x85, 0x9e, 0xef, 0x2f, 0xd7, 0x8a, 0xca, 0x00, 0x30, 0x8b,
0xdc, 0x47, 0x11, 0x93, 0xbf, 0x55, 0xbf, 0x9d, 0x78, 0xdb,
0x8f, 0x8a, 0x67, 0x2b, 0x48, 0x46, 0x34, 0xf3, 0xc9, 0xc2,
0x6e, 0x64, 0x78, 0xae, 0x10, 0x26, 0x0f, 0xe0, 0xdd, 0x8c,
0x08, 0x2e, 0x53, 0xa5, 0x29, 0x3a, 0xf2, 0x17, 0x3c, 0xd5,
0x0c, 0x6d, 0x5d, 0x35, 0x4f, 0xeb, 0xf7, 0x8b, 0x26, 0x02,
0x1c, 0x25, 0xc0, 0x27, 0x12, 0xe7, 0x8c, 0xd4, 0x69, 0x4c,
0x9f, 0x46, 0x97, 0x77, 0xe4, 0x51, 0xe7, 0xf8, 0xe9, 0xe0,
0x4c, 0xd3, 0x73, 0x9c, 0x6b, 0xbf, 0xed, 0xae, 0x48, 0x7f,
0xb5, 0x56, 0x44, 0xe9, 0xca, 0x74, 0xff, 0x77, 0xa5, 0x3c,
0xb7, 0x29, 0x80, 0x2f, 0x6e, 0xd4, 0xa5, 0xff, 0xa8, 0xba,
0x15, 0x98, 0x90, 0xfc,
salt := []byte{
0xe3, 0xb5, 0xd5, 0xd0, 0x02, 0xc1, 0xbc, 0xe5, 0x0c, 0x2b,
0x65, 0xef, 0x88, 0xa1, 0x88, 0xd8, 0x3b, 0xce, 0x7e, 0x61,
expected := []byte{
0x66, 0xe4, 0x67, 0x2e, 0x83, 0x6a, 0xd1, 0x21, 0xba, 0x24,
0x4b, 0xed, 0x65, 0x76, 0xb8, 0x67, 0xd9, 0xa4, 0x47, 0xc2,
0x8a, 0x6e, 0x66, 0xa5, 0xb8, 0x7d, 0xee, 0x7f, 0xbc, 0x7e,
0x65, 0xaf, 0x50, 0x57, 0xf8, 0x6f, 0xae, 0x89, 0x84, 0xd9,
0xba, 0x7f, 0x96, 0x9a, 0xd6, 0xfe, 0x02, 0xa4, 0xd7, 0x5f,
0x74, 0x45, 0xfe, 0xfd, 0xd8, 0x5b, 0x6d, 0x3a, 0x47, 0x7c,
0x28, 0xd2, 0x4b, 0xa1, 0xe3, 0x75, 0x6f, 0x79, 0x2d, 0xd1,
0xdc, 0xe8, 0xca, 0x94, 0x44, 0x0e, 0xcb, 0x52, 0x79, 0xec,
0xd3, 0x18, 0x3a, 0x31, 0x1f, 0xc8, 0x96, 0xda, 0x1c, 0xb3,
0x93, 0x11, 0xaf, 0x37, 0xea, 0x4a, 0x75, 0xe2, 0x4b, 0xdb,
0xfd, 0x5c, 0x1d, 0xa0, 0xde, 0x7c, 0xec, 0xdf, 0x1a, 0x89,
0x6f, 0x9d, 0x8b, 0xc8, 0x16, 0xd9, 0x7c, 0xd7, 0xa2, 0xc4,
0x3b, 0xad, 0x54, 0x6f, 0xbe, 0x8c, 0xfe, 0xbc,
hash := sha1.New()
hashed := hash.Sum(nil)
encoded, err := emsaPSSEncode(hashed, 1023, salt, sha1.New())
if err != nil {
t.Errorf("Error from emsaPSSEncode: %s\n", err)
if !bytes.Equal(encoded, expected) {
t.Errorf("Bad encoding. got %x, want %x", encoded, expected)
if err = emsaPSSVerify(hashed, encoded, 1023, len(salt), sha1.New()); err != nil {
t.Errorf("Bad verification: %s", err)
// TestPSSGolden tests all the test vectors in pss-vect.txt from
func TestPSSGolden(t *testing.T) {
inFile, err := os.Open("testdata/pss-vect.txt.bz2")
if err != nil {
t.Fatalf("Failed to open input file: %s", err)
defer inFile.Close()
// The pss-vect.txt file contains RSA keys and then a series of
// signatures. A goroutine is used to preprocess the input by merging
// lines, removing spaces in hex values and identifying the start of
// new keys and signature blocks.
const newKeyMarker = "START NEW KEY"
const newSignatureMarker = "START NEW SIGNATURE"
values := make(chan string)
go func() {
defer close(values)
scanner := bufio.NewScanner(bzip2.NewReader(inFile))
var partialValue string
lastWasValue := true
for scanner.Scan() {
line := scanner.Text()
switch {
case len(line) == 0:
if len(partialValue) > 0 {
values <- strings.ReplaceAll(partialValue, " ", "")
partialValue = ""
lastWasValue = true
case strings.HasPrefix(line, "# ======") && lastWasValue:
values <- newKeyMarker
lastWasValue = false
case strings.HasPrefix(line, "# ------") && lastWasValue:
values <- newSignatureMarker
lastWasValue = false
case strings.HasPrefix(line, "#"):
partialValue += line
if err := scanner.Err(); err != nil {
var key *PublicKey
var hashed []byte
hash := crypto.SHA1
h := hash.New()
opts := &PSSOptions{
SaltLength: PSSSaltLengthEqualsHash,
for marker := range values {
switch marker {
case newKeyMarker:
key = new(PublicKey)
nHex, ok := <-values
if !ok {
key.N = bigFromHex(nHex)
key.E = intFromHex(<-values)
// We don't care for d, p, q, dP, dQ or qInv.
for i := 0; i < 6; i++ {
case newSignatureMarker:
msg := fromHex(<-values)
<-values // skip salt
sig := fromHex(<-values)
hashed = h.Sum(hashed[:0])
if err := VerifyPSS(key, hash, hashed, sig, opts); err != nil {
t.Fatalf("unknown marker: " + marker)
// TestPSSOpenSSL ensures that we can verify a PSS signature from OpenSSL with
// the default options. OpenSSL sets the salt length to be maximal.
func TestPSSOpenSSL(t *testing.T) {
hash := crypto.SHA256
h := hash.New()
hashed := h.Sum(nil)
// Generated with `echo -n testing | openssl dgst -sign key.pem -sigopt rsa_padding_mode:pss -sha256 > sig`
sig := []byte{
0x95, 0x59, 0x6f, 0xd3, 0x10, 0xa2, 0xe7, 0xa2, 0x92, 0x9d,
0x4a, 0x07, 0x2e, 0x2b, 0x27, 0xcc, 0x06, 0xc2, 0x87, 0x2c,
0x52, 0xf0, 0x4a, 0xcc, 0x05, 0x94, 0xf2, 0xc3, 0x2e, 0x20,
0xd7, 0x3e, 0x66, 0x62, 0xb5, 0x95, 0x2b, 0xa3, 0x93, 0x9a,
0x66, 0x64, 0x25, 0xe0, 0x74, 0x66, 0x8c, 0x3e, 0x92, 0xeb,
0xc6, 0xe6, 0xc0, 0x44, 0xf3, 0xb4, 0xb4, 0x2e, 0x8c, 0x66,
0x0a, 0x37, 0x9c, 0x69,
if err := VerifyPSS(&rsaPrivateKey.PublicKey, hash, hashed, sig, nil); err != nil {
func TestPSSNilOpts(t *testing.T) {
hash := crypto.SHA256
h := hash.New()
hashed := h.Sum(nil)
SignPSS(rand.Reader, rsaPrivateKey, hash, hashed, nil)
func TestPSSSigning(t *testing.T) {
var saltLengthCombinations = []struct {
signSaltLength, verifySaltLength int
good bool
{PSSSaltLengthAuto, PSSSaltLengthAuto, true},
{PSSSaltLengthEqualsHash, PSSSaltLengthAuto, true},
{PSSSaltLengthEqualsHash, PSSSaltLengthEqualsHash, true},
{PSSSaltLengthEqualsHash, 8, false},
{PSSSaltLengthAuto, PSSSaltLengthEqualsHash, false},
{8, 8, true},
hash := crypto.MD5
h := hash.New()
hashed := h.Sum(nil)
var opts PSSOptions
for i, test := range saltLengthCombinations {
opts.SaltLength = test.signSaltLength
sig, err := SignPSS(rand.Reader, rsaPrivateKey, hash, hashed, &opts)
if err != nil {
t.Errorf("#%d: error while signing: %s", i, err)
opts.SaltLength = test.verifySaltLength
err = VerifyPSS(&rsaPrivateKey.PublicKey, hash, hashed, sig, &opts)
if (err == nil) != test.good {
t.Errorf("#%d: bad result, wanted: %t, got: %s", i, test.good, err)
func TestSignWithPSSSaltLengthAuto(t *testing.T) {
key, err := GenerateKey(rand.Reader, 513)
if err != nil {
digest := sha256.Sum256([]byte("message"))
signature, err := key.Sign(rand.Reader, digest[:], &PSSOptions{
SaltLength: PSSSaltLengthAuto,
Hash: crypto.SHA256,
if err != nil {
if len(signature) == 0 {
t.Fatal("empty signature returned")
func bigFromHex(hex string) *big.Int {
n, ok := new(big.Int).SetString(hex, 16)
if !ok {
panic("bad hex: " + hex)
return n
func intFromHex(hex string) int {
i, err := strconv.ParseInt(hex, 16, 32)
if err != nil {
return int(i)
func fromHex(hexStr string) []byte {
s, err := hex.DecodeString(hexStr)
if err != nil {
return s