runtime: avoid possible preemption when returning from Go to C

When returning from Go to C, it was possible for the goroutine to be
preempted after calling unlockOSThread. This could happen when there
a context function installed by SetCgoTraceback set a non-zero context,
leading to a defer call in cgocallbackg1. The defer function wrapper,
introduced in 1.17 as part of the regabi support, was not nosplit,
and hence was a potential preemption point. If it did get preempted,
the G would move to a new M. It would then attempt to return to C
code on a different stack, typically leading to a SIGSEGV.

Fix this in a simple way by postponing the unlockOSThread until after
the other defer. Also check for the failure condition and fail early,
rather than waiting for a SIGSEGV.

Without the fix to cgocall.go, the test case fails about 50% of the
time on my laptop.

Fixes #47441

Change-Id: Ib8ca13215bd36cddc2a49e86698824a29c6a68ba
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/338197
Trust: Ian Lance Taylor <iant@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Keith Randall <khr@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Cherry Mui <cherryyz@google.com>
4 files changed
tree: b3e27a617fa1b6d191dac8a40c99142b96f1eb50
  1. .gitattributes
  2. .github/
  3. .gitignore
  4. AUTHORS
  5. CONTRIBUTING.md
  6. CONTRIBUTORS
  7. LICENSE
  8. PATENTS
  9. README.md
  10. SECURITY.md
  11. api/
  12. codereview.cfg
  13. doc/
  14. lib/
  15. misc/
  16. src/
  17. test/
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