[release-branch.go1.14] runtime: correct signature of call16

The signature of call16 is currently missing the "typ" parameter. This
CL fixes this. This wasn't caught by vet because call16 is defined by
macro expansion (see #17544), and we didn't notice the mismatch with
the other call* functions because call16 is defined only on 32-bit
architectures and lives alone in stubs32.go.

Unfortunately, this means its GC signature is also wrong: the "arg"
parameter is treated as a scalar rather than a pointer, so GC won't
trace it and stack copying won't adjust it. This turns out to matter
in exactly one case right now: on 32-bit architectures (which are the
only architectures where call16 is defined), a stack-allocated defer
of a function with a 16-byte or smaller argument frame including a
non-empty result area can corrupt memory if the deferred function
grows the stack and is invoked during a panic. Whew. All other current
uses of reflectcall pass a heap-allocated "arg" frame (which happens
to be reachable from other stack roots, so tracing isn't a problem).

Curiously, in 2016, the signatures of all call* functions were wrong
in exactly this way. CL 31654 fixed all of them in stubs.go, but
missed the one in stubs32.go.

Updates #41795.
Fixes #41796.

Change-Id: I31e3c0df201f79ee5707eeb8dc4ff0d13fc10ada
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/259338
Trust: Austin Clements <austin@google.com>
Run-TryBot: Austin Clements <austin@google.com>
TryBot-Result: Go Bot <gobot@golang.org>
Reviewed-by: Cherry Zhang <cherryyz@google.com>
Reviewed-on: https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/259597
1 file changed
tree: 245dfc8897fc6defb1ec3dd717321507b97127f6
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